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法規:

第50/80號國令

公報編號:

8/1986

刊登日期:

1986.2.22

版數:

715-732

  • 核准關於面臨絕種之野生動植物國際貿易協定之追認。

葡文版本

相關法規 :
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  • 第98/99號通告 - 茲按命令公布:《瀕危野生動植物種國際貿易公約》之秘書處作出通知:葡萄牙政府宣告該公約延伸至澳門地區。
  • 第35/2002號行政長官公告 - 命令公佈關於中華人民共和國就一九七三年三月三日於華盛頓簽署的《瀕危野生動植物種國際貿易公約》繼續適用於澳門特別行政區承擔當事國責任的通知書。
  • 第78/2016號行政長官公告 - 命令公佈經在波恩、哈博羅內修正的一九七三年三月三日在華盛頓簽訂的《瀕危野生動植物種國際貿易公約》(CITES)及其附錄I、附錄II和附錄III的二零一三年六月十二日的文本。
  • 第43/2017號行政長官公告 - 命令公佈自二零一七年一月二日起生效的《瀕危野生動植物種國際貿易公約》(CITES)附錄I、II和III的更新版本。
  • 相關類別 :
  • 環境 - 國際法 - 其他 - 環境保護局 - 法務局 -
  • 《LegisMac》的法例註釋

    第50/80號國令

     

    沒有中文版 - Sem versão chinesa

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    Convenção sobre o Comércio Internacional das Espécies de Fauna e Flora Selvagens Amaçadas do Extinção


    Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

    The Contracting States:

    Recognizing that wild fauna and flora in their many beautiful and varied forms are an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth which must be protected for this and the generations to come;

    Conscious of the ever-growing value of wild fauna and flora from aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational and economic points of view;

    Recognizing that peoples and States are and should be the best protectors of their own wild fauna and flora;

    Recognizing, in addition, that international cooperation is essential for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora against over-exploitation through international trade;

    Convinced of the urgency of taking appropriate measures to this end;

    have agreed as follows:

    ARTICLE I

    Definitions

    For the purpose of the present Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:

    a) Species: means any species, subspecies, or geographically separate population thereof;

    b) Specimen: means:

    i) Any animal or plant, whether alive or dead;

    ii) In the case of an animal: for species included in appendices I and II, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in appendix III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in appendix III in relation to the species; and

    iii) In the case of a plant: for species included in appendix I, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in appendices II and III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in appendices II and III in relation to the species;

    c) Trade: means export, re-export, import and introduction from the sea;

    d) Re-export: means export of any specimen that has previously been imported;

    e) Introduction from the sea: means transportation into a State of specimens of any species which were taken in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any State;

    f) Scientific authority: means a national scientific authority designated in accordance with article IX;

    g) Management authority: means a national management authority designated in accordance with article IX;

    h) Party: means a State for which the present Convention has entered into force.

    ARTICLE II

    Fundamental principles

    1 — Appendix I shall include all species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade. Trade in specimens of these species must be subject to particularly strict regulation in order not to endanger further their survival and must only be authorized in exceptional circumstances.

    2 — Appendix II shall include:

    a) All species which although not necessarily now threatened with extinction may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival; and

    b) Other species which must be subject to regulation in order that trade in specimens of certain species referred to in sub-paragraph a) of this paragraph may be brought under effective control.

    3 — Appendix III shall include all species which any Party identified as being subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose of preventing or restricting exploitation, and as needing the cooperation of other parties in the control of trade.

    4 — The Parties shall not allow trade in specimens of species included in appendices I, II and III, except in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention.

    ARTICLE III

    Regulation of trade in specimens of species included in appendix I

    1 — All trade in specimens of species included in appendix I shall be in accordance with the provisions of this article.

    2 — The export of any specimen of a species included in appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A scientific authority of the State of export has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;

    b) A management authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora;

    c) A management authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and

    d) A management authority of the State of export is satisfied that an import permit has been granted for the specimen.

    3 — The import of any specimen of a species included in appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of an import permit and either an export permit or a re-export certificate. An import permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A scientific authority of the State of import has advised that the import will be for purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the species involved;

    b) A scientific authority of the State of import is satisfied that the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and care for it; and

    c) A management authority of the State of import is satisfied that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

    4 — The re-export of any specimen of a species included in appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A management authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention;

    b) A management authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and

    c) A management authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that an import permit has been granted for any living specimen.

    5 — The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in appendix I shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a management authority of the State of introduction. A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A scientific authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved;

    b) A management authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and care for it; and

    c) A management authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

    ARTICLE IV

    Regulation of trade in specimens of species included in appendix II

    1 — All trade in specimens of species included in appendix II shall be in accordance with the provisions of this article.

    2 — The export of any specimen of a species included in appendix II shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A scientific authority of the State of export has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;

    b) A management authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and

    c) A management authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

    3 — A scientific authority in each Party shall monitor both the export permits granted by that State for specimens of species included in appendix II and the actual exports of such specimens. Whenever a scientific authority determines that the export of specimens of any such species should be limited in order to maintain that species throughout its range at a level consistent with its role in the ecosystems in which it occurs and well above the level at which that species might become eligible for inclusion in appendix I, the scientific authority shall advise the appropriate management authority of suitable measures to be taken to limit the grant of export permits for specimens of that species.

    4 — The import of any specimen of a species included in appendix II shall require the prior presentation of either an export permit or a re-export certificate.

    5 — The re-export of any specimen of a species included in appendix II shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A management authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention; and

    b) A management authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

    6 — The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in appendix II shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a management authority of the State of introduction. A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A scientific authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved; and

    b) A management authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that any living specimen will be so handled as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

    7 — Certificates referred to in paragraph 6 of this article may be granted on the advice of a scientific authority, in consultation with other national scientific authorities or, when appropriate, international scientific authorities, in respect of periods not exceeding one year for total numbers of specimens to be introduced in such periods.

    ARTICLE V

    Regulation of trade in specimens of species included in appendix III

    1 — All trade in specimens of species included in appendix III shall be in accordance with the provisions of this article.

    2 — The export of any specimen of a species included in appendix III from any State which has included that species in appendix III shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:

    a) A management authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and

    b) A management authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

    3 — The import of any specimen of a species included in appendix III shall require, except in circumstances to which paragraph 4 of this article applies, the prior presentation of a certificate of origin and, where the import is from a State which has included that species in appendix III, an export permit.

    4 — In the case of re-export, a certificate granted by the management authority of the State of re-export that the specimen was processed in that State or is being re-exported shall be accepted by the State of import as evidence that the provisions of the present Convention have been complied with in respect of the specimen concerned.

    ARTICLE VI

    Permits and certificates

    1 — Permits and certificates granted under the provisions of articles III, IV and V shall be in accordance with the provisions of this article.

    2 — An export permit shall contain the information specified in the model set forth in appendix IV, and may only be used for export within a period of six months from the date on which it was granted.

    3 — Each permit or certificate shall contain the title of the present Convention, the name and any identifying stamp of the management authority granting it and a control number assigned by the management authority.

    4 — Any copies of a permit or certificate issued by a management authority shall be clearly marked as copies only and no such copy may be used in place of the original, except to the extent endorsed thereon.

    5 — A separate permit or certificate shall be required for each consignment of specimens.

    6 — A management authority of the State of import of any specimen shall cancel and retain the export permit or re-export certificate and any corresponding import permit presented in respect of the import of that specimen.

    7 — Where appropriate and feasible a management authority may affix a mark upon any specimen to assist in identifying the specimen. For these purposes mark means any indelible imprint, lead seal or other suitable means of identifying a specimen, designed in such a way as to render its imitation by unauthorized persons as difficult as possible.

    ARTICLE VII

    Exemptions and other special provisions relating to trade

    1 — The provisions of articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the transit or trans-shipment of specimens through or in the territory of a Party while the specimens remain in customs control.

    2 — Where a management authority of the State of export or re-export is satisfied that a specimen was acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to that specimen, the provisions of articles III, IV and V shall not apply to that specimen where the management authority issues a certificate to that effect.

    3 — The provisions of articles III, IV and V shall not apply to specimens that are personal or household effects. This exemption shall not apply where:

    a) In the case of specimens of a species included in appendix I, they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence, and are being imported into that State; or

    b) In the case of specimens of species included in appendix II:

    i) They were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence and in a State where removal from the wild occurred;

    ii) They are being imported into the owner’s State of usual residence; and

    iii) The State where removal from the wild occurred requires the prior grant of export permits before any export of such specimens;

    unless a management authority is satisfied that the specimens were acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to such specimens.

    4 — Specimens of an animal species included in appendix I bred in captivity for commercial purposes, or of a plant species included in appendix I artificially propagated for commercial purposes, shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in appendix II.

    5 — Where a management authority of the State of export is satisfied that any specimen of an animal species was bred in captivity or any specimen of a plant species was artificially propagated, or is a part of such an animal or plant or was derived therefrom, a certificate by that management authority to that effect shall be accepted in lieu of any of the permits or certificates required under the provisions of articles III, IV or V.

    6 — The provisions of articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the non-commercial loan, donation or exchange between scientists or scientific institutions registered by a management authority of their State, of herbarium specimens, other preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens, and live plant material which carry a label issued or approved by a management authority.

    7 — A management authority of any State may waive the requirements of articles III, IV and V and allow the movement without permits or certificates of specimens which form part of a travelling zoo, circus, menagerie, plant exhibition or other travelling exhibition provided that:

    a) The exporter or importer registers full details of such specimens with that management authority;

    b) The specimens are in either of the categories specified in paragraphs 2 or 5 of this article; and

    c) The management authority is satisfied that any living specimen will be so transported and cared for as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

    ARTICLE VIII

    Measures to be taken by the Parties

    1 — The Parties shall take appropriate measures to enforce the provisions of the present Convention and to prohibit trade in specimens in violation thereof. These shall include measures:

    a) To penalize trade in, or possession of, such specimens, or both; and

    b) To provide for the confiscation or return to the State of export of such specimens.

    2 — In addition to the measures taken under paragraph 1 of this article, a Party may, when it deems it necessary, provide for any method of internal reimbursement for expenses incurred as a result of the confiscation of a specimen traded in violation of the measures taken in the application of the provisions of the present Convention.

    3 — As far as possible, the Parties shall ensure that specimens shall pass through any formalities required for trade with a minimum of delay. To facilitate such passage, a Party may designate ports of exit and ports of entry at which specimens must be presented for clearance. The Parties shall ensure further that all living specimens, during any period of transit, holding or shipment, are property cared for so as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

    4 — Where a living specimen is confiscated as a result of measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article:

    a) The specimen shall be entrusted to a management authority of the State of confiscation;

    b) The management authority shall, after consultation with the State of export, return the specimen to that State at the expense of that State, or to a rescue centre or such other place as the management authority deems appropriate and consistent with the purposes of the present Convention; and

    c) The management authority may obtain the advice of a scientific authority, or may, whenever it considers it desirable, consult the Secretariat in order to facilitate the decision under sub-paragraph b) of this paragraph, including the choice of a rescue centre or other place.

    5 — A rescue centre as referred to in paragraph 4 of this article means an institution designated by a management authority to look after the welfare of living specimens, particularly those that have been confiscated.

    6 — Each Party shall maintain records of trade in specimens of species included in appendices I, II and III which shall cover:

    a) The names and addresses of exporters and importers; and

    b) The number and type of permits and certificates granted, the States with which such trade occurred; the numbers or quantities and types of specimens, names of species as included in appendices I, II and III and, where applicable, the size and sex of the specimens in question.

    7 — Each Party shall prepare periodic reports on its implementation of the present Convention and shall transmit to the Secretariat:

    a) An annual report containing a summary of the information specified in sub-paragraph b) of paragraph 6 of this article; and

    b) A biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative measures taken to enforce the provisions of the present Convention.

    8 — The information referred to in paragraph 7 of this article shall be available to the public where this is not inconsistent with the law of the Party concerned.

    ARTICLE IX

    Management and scientific authorities

    1 — Each Party shall designate for the purpose of the present Convention:

    a) One or more management authorities competent to grant permits or certificates on behalf of that Party; and

    b) One or more scientific authorities.

    2 — A State depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall at that time inform the depositary government of the name and address of the management authority authorized to communicate with other Parties and with the Secretariat.

    3 — Any changes in the designations or authorizations under the provisions of this article shall be communicated by the Party concerned to the Secretariat for transmission to all other Parties.

    4 — Any management authority referred to in paragraph 2 of this article shall if so requested by the Secretariat or the management authority of another Party, communicate to it impression of stamps, seals or other devices used to authenticate permits or certificates.

    ARTICLE X

    Trade with States not party to the Convention

    Where export or re-export is to, or import is from, a State not a Party to the present Convention, comparable documentation issued by the competent authorities in that State which substantially conforms with the requirements of the present Convention for permits and certificates may be accepted lieu thereof by any Party.

    ARTICLE XI

    Conference of the Parties

    1 — The Secretariat shall call a meeting of the Conference of the Parties not later than two years after the entry into force of the present Convention.

    2 — Thereafter the Secretariat shall convene regular meetings at least once every two years, unless the Conference decides otherwise, and extraordinary meetings at any time on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties.

    3 — At meetings, whether regular or extraordinary, the Parties shall review the implementation of the present Convention and may:

    a) Make such provision as may be necessary to enable the Secretariat to carry out its duties;

    b) Consider and adopt amendments to appendices I and II in accordance with article XV;

    c) Review the progress made towards the restoration and conservation of the species included in appendices I, II and III;

    d) Receive and consider any reports presented by the Secretariat or by any Party; and

    e) Where appropriate, make recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the present Convention.

    4 — At each regular meeting, the Parties may determine the time and venue of the next regular meeting to be held in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 of this article.

    5 — At any meeting, the Parties may determine and adopt rules of procedure for the meeting.

    6 — The United Nations, its Specialized Agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as well as any State not a Party to the present Convention, may be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, who shall have the right to participate but not to vote.

    7 — Any body or agency technically qualified in protection, conservation or management of wild fauna and flora, in the following categories, which has informed the Secretariat of its desire to be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, shall be admitted unless at least one-third of the Parties present object:

    a) International agencies or bodies, either governmental or non-governmental, and national governmental agencies and bodies; and

    b) National non-governmental agencies or bodies which have been approved for this purpose by the State in which they are located.

    Once admitted, these observers shall have the right to participate but not to vote.

    ARTICLE XII

    The Secretariat

    1 — Upon entry into force of the present Convention, a Secretariat shall be provided by the executive director of the United Nations Environment Programme. To the extent and in the manner he considers appropriate, he may be assisted by suitable inter-governmental or non-governmental international or national agencies and bodies technically qualified in protection, conservation and management of wild fauna and flora.

    2 — The functions of the Secretariat shall be:

    a) To arrange for and service meetings of the Parties;

    b) To perform the functions entrusted to it under the provisions of articles XV and XVI of the present Convention;

    c) To undertake scientific and technical studies in accordance with programmes authorized by the Conference of the Parties as will contribute to the implementation of the present Convention, including studies concerning standards for appropriate preparation and shipment of living specimens and the means of identifying specimens;

    d) To study the reports of Parties and to request from Parties such further information with respect thereto as it deems necessary to ensure implementation of the present Convention;

    e) To invite the attention of the Parties to any matter pertaining to the aims of the present Convention;

    f) To publish periodically and distribute to the Parties current editions of appendices I, II and III together with any information which will facilitate identification of specimens of species included in those appendices;

    g) To prepare annual reports to the Parties on its work and on the implementation of the present Convention and such other reports as meetings of the Parties may request;

    h) To make recommendations for the implementation of the aims and provisions of the present Convention, including the exchange of information of a scientific or technical nature;

    i) To perform any other function as may be entrusted to it by the Parties.

    ARTICLE XIII

    International measures

    1 — When the Secretariat in the light of information received is satisfied that any species included in appendices I or II is being affected adversely by trade in specimens of that species or that the provisions of the present Convention are not being effectively implemented, it shall communicate such information to the authorized management authority of the Party or Parties concerned.

    2 — When any Party receives a communication as indicated in paragraph 1 of this article, it shall, as soon as possible, inform the Secretariat of any relevant facts insofar as its laws permit and, where appropriate, propose remedial action. Where the Party considers that an inquiry is desirable, such inquiry may be carried out by one or more persons expressly authorized by the Party.

    3 — The information provided by the Party or resulting from any inquiry as specified in paragraph 2 of this article shall be reviewed by the next Conference of the Parties which may make whatever recommendations it deems appropriate.

    ARTICLE XIV

    Effect on domestic legislation and international conventions

    1 — The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the right of Parties to adopt:

    a) Stricter domestic measures regarding the conditions for trade, taking possession or transport of specimens of species included in appendices I, II and III, or the complete prohibition thereof; or

    b) Domestic measures restricting or prohibiting trade, taking possession, or transport of species not included in appendices I, II or III.

    2 — The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the provisions of any domestic measures or the obligations of Parties deriving from any treaty, convention, or international agreement relating to other aspects of trade, taking possession, or transport of specimens which is in force or subsequently may enter into force for any Party including any measure pertaining to the Customs, public health, veterinary or plant quarantine fields.

    3 — The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the provisions of, or the obligations deriving from, any treaty, convention or international agreement concluded or which may be concluded between States creating a union or regional trade agreement establishing or maintaining a common external customs control and removing customs control between the parties thereto insofar as they relate to trade among the States members of that union or agreement.

    4 — A State Party to the present Convention, which is also a party to any other treaty, convention or international agreement which is in force at the time of the coming into force of the present Convention and under the provisions of which protection is afforded to marine species included in appendix II, shall be relieved of the obligation imposed on it under the provisions of the present Convention with respect to trade in specimens of species included in appendix II that are taken by ships registered in that State and in accordance with the provisions of such other treaty, convention or international agreement.

    5 — Notwithstanding the provisions of articles III, IV and V, any export of a specimen taken in accordance with paragraph 4 of this article shall only require a certificate from a management authority of the State of introduction to the effect that the specimen was taken in accordance with the provisions of the other treaty, convention or international agreement in question.

    6 — Nothing in the present Convention shall prejudice the codification and development of the law of the sea by the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea convened pursuant to Resolution 2750 C (XXV) of the General Assembly of the United Nations nor the present or future claims and legal views of any State concerning the law of the sea and the nature and extent of coastal and flag State jurisdiction.

    ARTICLE XV

    Amendments to appendices I and II

    1 — The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to appendices I and II at meetings of the Conference of the Parties:

    a) Any Party may propose an amendment to appendix I or II for consideration at the next meeting. The text of the proposed amendment shall be communicated to the Secretariat at least one hundred and fifty days before the meeting. The Secretariat shall consult the other Parties and interested bodies on the amendment in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraph b) and c) of paragraph 2 of this article and shall communicate the response to all Parties not later than thirty days before the meeting;

    b) Amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For these purposes «Parties present and voting» means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment;

    c) Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force ninety days after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article.

    2 — The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to appendices I and II between meetings of the Conference of the Parties:

    a) Any Party may propose an amendment to appendix I or II for consideration between meetings by the postal procedures set forth in this paragraph;

    b) For marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties. It shall also consult inter-governmental bodies having a function in relation to those species especially with a view to obtaining scientific data these bodies may be able to provide and to ensuring coordination with any conservation measures enforced by such bodies. The Secretariat shall communicate the views expressed and data provided by these bodies and its own findings and recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible;

    c) For species other than marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties, and, as soon as possible thereafter, its own recommendations;

    d) Any Party may, within sixty days of the date on which the Secretariat communicated its recommendations to the Parties under sub-paragraphs b) or c) of this paragraph, transmit to the Secretariat any comments on the proposed amendment together with any relevant scientific data and information;

    e) The Secretariat shall communicate the replies received together with its own recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible;

    f) If no objection to the proposed amendment is received by the Secretariat within thirty days of the date the replies and recommendations were communicated under the provisions of sub-paragraph e) of this paragraph, the amendment shall enter into force ninety days later for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article;

    g) If an objection by any Party is received by the Secretariat, the proposed amendment shall be submitted to a postal vote in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraphs h), i) and j) of this paragraph;

    h) The Secretariat shall notify the Parties that notification of objection has been received;

    i) Unless the Secretariat receives the votes for, against or in abstention from at least one-half of the Parties within sixty days of the date of notification under sub-paragraph h) of this paragraph, the proposed amendment shall be referred to the next meeting of the Conference for further consideration;

    j) Provided that votes are received from one-half of the Parties, the amendment shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties casting an affirmative or negative vote;

    k) The Secretariat shall notify all Parties of the result of the vote;

    l) If the proposed amendment is adopted it shall enter into force ninety days after the date of the notification by the Secretariat of its acceptance for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article.

    3 — During the period of ninety days provided for by sub-paragraph c) of paragraph 1 or sub-paragraph l) of paragraph 2 of this article any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government make a reservation with respect to the amendment. Until such reservation is withdrawn the Party shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species concerned.

    ARTICLE XVI

    Appendix III and amendments thereto

    1 — Any party may at any time submit to the Secretariat a list of species which it identifies as being subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose mentioned in paragraph 3 of article II. Appendix III shall include the names of the Parties submitting the species for inclusion therein, the scientific names of the species so submitted, and any parts or derivatives of the animals or plants concerned that are specified in relation to the species for the purposes of sub-paragraph b) of article I.

    2 — Each list submitted under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat as soon as possible after receiving it. The list shall take effect as part of appendix III ninety days after the date of such communication. At any time after the communication of such list, any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government enter a reservation with respect to any species or any parts or derivatives, and until such reservation is withdrawn, the State shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species or part or derivative concerned.

    3 — A Party which has submitted a species for inclusion in appendix III may withdraw it at any time by notification to the Secretariat which shall communicate the withdrawal to all Parties. The withdrawal shall take effect thirty days after the date of such communication.

    4 — Any Party submitting a list under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article shall submit to the Secretariat a copy of all domestic laws and regulations applicable to the protection of such species, together with any interpretations which the Party may deem appropriate or the Secretariat may request. The Party shall, for as long as the species in question is included in appendix III, submit any amendments of such laws and regulations or any new interpretations as they are adopted.

    ARTICLE XVII

    Amendment of the Convention

    1 — An extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretariat on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties to consider and adopt amendments to the present Convention. Such amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For these purposes «Parties present and voting» means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.

    2 — The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated by the Secretariat to all Parties at least ninety days before the meeting.

    3 — An amendment shall enter into force for the Parties which have accepted it sixty days after two-thirds of the Parties have deposited an instrument of acceptance of the amendment with the Depositary Government. Thereafter, the amendment shall enter into force for any other Party sixty days after that Party deposits its instrument of acceptance of the amendment.

    ARTICLE XVIII

    Resolution of disputes

    1 — Any dispute which may arise between two or more Parties with respect to the interpretation or application of the provisions of the present Convention shall be subject to negotiation between the Parties involved in the dispute.

    2 — If the dispute cannot be resolved in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article, the Parties may, by mutual consent, submit the dispute to arbitration, in particular that of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, and the Parties submitting the dispute shall be bound by the arbitral decision.

    ARTICLE XIX

    Signature

    The present Convention shall be open for signature at Washington until 30th April 1973 and thereafter at Berne until 31st December 1974.

    ARTICLE XX

    Ratification, acceptance, approval

    The present Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Government of the Swiss Confederation which shall be the Depositary Government.

    ARTICLE XXI

    Accession

    The present Convention shall be open indefinitely for accession. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary Government.

    ARTICLE XXII

    Entry into force

    1 — The present Convention shall enter into force ninety days after the date of deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, with the Depositary Government.

    2 — For each State which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the present Convention shall enter into force ninety days after the deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

    ARTICLE XXIII

    Reservations

    1. — The provisions of the present Convention shall not be subject to general reservations. Specific reservations may be entered in accordance with the provisions of this article and articles XV and XVI.

    2 — Any State may, on depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, enter a specific reservation with regard to:

    a) Any species included in appendix I, II or III; or

    b) Any parts or derivatives specified in relation to a species included in appendix III.

    3 — Until a Party withdraws its reservation entered under the provisions of this article, it shall be treated as a State not a party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the particular species or parts or derivatives specified in such reservation.

    ARTICLE XXIV

    Denunciation

    Any Party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the Depositary Government at any time. The denunciation shall take effect twelve months after the Depositary Government has received the notification.

    ARTICLE XXV

    Depositary

    1 — The original of the present Convention, in the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Depositary Government, which shall transmit certified copies thereof to all States that have signed it or deposited instruments of accession to it.

    2 — The Depositary Government shall inform all signatory and acceding States and the Secretariat of signatures, deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, entry into force of the present Convention, amendments thereto, entry and withdrawal of reservations and notifications of denunciation.

    3 — As soon as the present Convention enters into force, a certified copy thereof shall be transmitted by the Depositary Government to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

    In witness whereof the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized to that effect, have signed the present Convention.

    Done at Washington this third day of March, one thousand nine hundred and seventy-three.

    ———

    APPENDIX I

    Interpretation:

    1 — Species included in this appendix are referred to:

    a) By the name of the species; or

    b) As being all of the species included in a higher taxon or designated part thereof.

    2 — The abbreviation «spp.» is used to denote all species of a higher taxon.

    3 — Other references to taxa higher than species are for the purposes of information or classification only.

    4 — An asterisk (*) placed against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates that one or more geographically separate populations, sub-species or species of that taxon are included in appendix II and that these populations, sub-species or species are excluded from appendix I.

    5 — The symbol ( — ) followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates the exclusion from that species or taxon of designated geographically separate populations, sub-species or species as follows:

    — 101 Lemur catta;

    — 102 Australian population.

    6 — The symbol (+) followed by a number placed against the name of a species denotes that only a designated geographically separate population or sub-species of that species is included in this appendix, as follows:

    + 201 Italian population only.

    7 — The symbol (+) placed against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates that the species concerned are protected in accordance with the International Whaling Commission’s schedule of 1972.

    Fauna

    Mammalla

    Marsupialia

    Macropodidae:

    Macropus parma.
    Onychogalea frenata.
    Onychogalea lunata.
    Lagorchestes hirsutus.
    Lagostrophus fasciatus.
    Caloprymnus campestris.
    Bettongia penicillata.
    Bettongia lesueur.
    Bettongie tropica.
     
    Phalangeridae — Wyulda squamicaudata.
    Burramyidae — Burramys parvus.
    Vombatidae — Lasiorhinus gillespiei.
    Peramelidae:
    Perameles bougainville.
    Chaeropus ecaudatus.
    Macrotis lagotis.
    Macrotis loucura.

    Dasyuridae:

    Planigale tenuirostris.
    Planigale subtilissima.
    Sminthopsis psammophila.
    Sminthopsis longicaudata.
    Antechinomys laniger.
    Myrmecobius fasciatus rufus.

    Thyiacinidae — Thylacinus cynocephalus.

    Primates

    Lemuridae:

    Lemur spp.* — 101.
    Lepilemur spp.
    Hapalemur spp.
    Allocebus spp.
    Cheirogaleus spp.
    Microcebus spp.
    Phaner spp.

    Indriidae:

    Indri spp.
    Propithecus spp.
    Avahi spp.
     
    Daubentoniidae — Daubentonia madagascariensis.
    Callithricidae:
     
    Leontopithecus (Leontideus) spp.
    Callimico goeldii.

    Cebidae:

    Saimiri oersteddi.
    Chiropotes albinasus.
    Cacajao spp.
    Alouatta palliata (villosa).
    Ateles geoffroyi frontatus.
    Ateles geoffroyi panamensis.
    Brachyteles arachnoides.

    Cercopithecidae:

    Cercocebus galeritus galeritus.
    Macaca silenus.
    Colobus badius rufomitratus.
    Colobus badius kirkii.
    Presbytis geei.
    Presbytis pileatus.
    Presbytis entellus.
    Nasalis larvatus.
    Simias concolor.
    Pygathrix nemaeus.

    Hylobatidae:

    Hylobates spp.
    Symphalangus syndactylus.

    Pongidae:

    Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus.
    Pongo pygmaeus abelii.
    Gorilla gorilla.

    Edentata

    Dasypodidae — Priodontes giganteus (=maximus).

    Pholidota

    Manidae — Manis temmincki.

    Lagomorpha

    Leporidae:

    Romerolagus diazi.
    Caprolagus hispidus.

    Rodentia

    Sciuridae — Cynomys mexicanus.
    Castoridae:
     
    Castor fiber birulaia.
    Castor canadensis mexicanus.

    Muridae:

    Zyzomys pedunculatus.
    Leporillus conditor.
    Pseudomys novaehollandiae.
    Pseudomys praeconis.
    Pseudomys shortridgei.
    Pseudomys fumeus.
    Pseudomys occidentalis.
    Pseudomys fieldi.
    Notomys aquilo.
    Xeromys myoides.

    Chinchillidae — Chinchilla brevicaudata boliviana.

    Cetacea

    Platanistidae — Platanista gangetica.
    Eschrichtidae — Escrichtius robustus (glaucus).
    Balaenopteridae:
    Balaenoptera musculus.
    Megaptera novaeangliae.

    Balaenidae:

    Balaena mysticetus.
    Eubalaena spp.

    Carnívora

    Canidae:

    Canis lupus monstrabilis.
    Vulpes velox hebes.
     
    Viverridae — Prionodon pardicolor.
    Ursidae:
    Ursus americanus eminonsii.
    Ursus arctos pruinosus.
    Ursus arctos * +201.
    Ursus arctos nelsoni.

    Mustelidae:

    Mustela nigripes.
    Lutra longicaudis (platensis/annectens).
    Lutra felina.
    Lutra provocax.
    Pteronura brasiliensis.
    Aonyx microdon.
    Enhydra lutris nereis.
     
    Hyaenidae — Hyaena brunnea.
    Felidae:
    Felis planiceps.
    Felis nigripes.
    Felis concolor coryi.
    Felis concolor costaricensis.
    Felis concolor cougar.
    Felis temmincki.
    Felis bengalensis bengalensis.
    Felis yagouaroundi cacomitli.
    Felis yagouaroundi fossata.
    Felis yagouaroundi panamensis.
    Felis yagouaroundi tolteca.
    Felis pardalis mcarnsi.
    Felis pardalis mitis.
    Felis wiedii nicaraguae.
    Felis wiedii salvinia.
    Felis tigrina oncilla.
    Felis marmorata.
    Felis jacobita.
    Felis (Lynx) rufa escuinapae.
    Neofelis nebulosa.
    Panthera tigris*.
    Panthera pardus.
    Panthera uncia.
    Panthera onca.
    Acinonyx jubatus.

    Pinnipedia

    Phocidae:

    Monachus spp.
    Mirounga angustirostris.

    Proboscidea

    Elephantidae — Elephas maximus.

    Sirenia

    Dugongidae Dugong dugon* — 102.
    Trichechidae:
    Trichechus manatus.
    Trichechus inunguis.

    Perissodactyla

    Equidae:

    Equus przewalskii.
    Equus hemionus hemionus.
    Equus hemionus khur.
    Equus zebra zebra.

    Tapiridae:

    Tapirus pinchaque.
    Tapirus bairdii.
    Tapirus indicus.

    Rhinocerotidae:

    Rhinoceros unicornis.
    Rhinoceros sondaicus.
    Didermocerus sumatrensis.
    Ceratotherium simum cottoni.

    Artiodactyla

    Suidae:

    Sus salvanius.
    Babyrousa babyrussa.

    Camelidae:

    Vicugna vicugna.
    Camelus bactrianus.

    Cervidae:

    Moschus moschiferus moschiferus.
    Axis (Hyelaphus) porcinus annamiticus.
    Axis (Hyelaphus) calamianensis.
    Axis (Hyelaphus) kuhlü.
    Corvus duvauceli.
    Cervus eidi.
    Cervus elaphus hanglu.
    Hippocamelus bisulcus.
    Hippocamelus antisensis.
    Blastoceros dichotomus.
    Ozotoceros bezoarticus.
    Pudu pudu.

    Antilocapridae:

    Antilocapra americana sonoriensis.
    Antilocapra americana peninsularis.

    Bovidae:

    Bubalus (Anoa) mindorensis.
    Bubalus (Anoa) depressicornis.
    Bubalus (Anoa) quarlesi.
    Bos gaurus.
    Bos (grunniens) mutus.
    Novibos (Bos) sauveli.
    Bison bison athabascae.
    Kobus leche.
    Hippotragus niger variani.
    Oryx leucoryx.
    Damaliscus dorcas dorcas.
    Saiga tatarica mongolica.
    Nemorhaedus goral.
    Capricornis sumatraensis.
    Rupicapra rupicapra ornata.
    Capra falconeri jerdoni.
    Capra falconeri megaceros.
    Capra falconeri chiltanensis.
    Ovis orientalis ophion.
    Ovis ammon hodgsoni.
    Ovis vignei.

    Aves

    Tinamiformes

    Tinamidae — Tinamus solitarius.

    Podicipediformes

    Podicipedidae — Podiymbus gigas.

    Procellariiformes

    Diomedeidae — Diomedea albatrus.

    Pelecaniformes

    Sulidae — Sula abbotti.
    Fregatidae — Fregata andrewsi.

    Ciconiiformes

    Ciconiidae — Ciconia ciconia boyciana.
    Threskiornithidae — Nipponia nippon.

    Anseriformes

    Anatidae:

    Anas aucklandica nesiotis.
    Anas oustaleti.
    Anas laysanensis.
    Anas diazi.
    Cairina scutulata.
    Rhodonessa caryophyllacea.
    Branta canadensis leucopareia.
    Branta sandvicensis.

    Falconiformes

    Cathartidae:

    Vultur gryphus.
    Gymnogyps californianus.

    Accipitridae:

    Pithecophaga jefferyi.
    Harpia harpyja.
    Haliaetus leucocephalus leucocephalus.
    Haliaetus heliaca adalberti.
    Haliaetus albicilla groenlandicus.

    Falconidae:

    Falco peregrinus anatum.
    Falco peregrinus tundrius.
    Falco peregrinus peregrinus.
    Falco peregrinus babylonicus.

    Galliformes

    Megapodiidae — Macrocephalon maleo.
    Cracidae:
    Crax blumenbachii.
    Pipile pipile pipile.
    Pipile jacutinga.
    Mitu mitu mitu.
    Oreophasis derbianus.
     
    Tetraonidae — Tympanuchus cupido attwateri.
    Phasianidae:
    Colinus virginianus ridgwayi.
    Tragopan blythii.
    Tragopan caboti.
    Tragopan melanocephalus.
    Lophophorus sclateri.
    Lophophorus lhuysii.
    Lophophorus impejanus.
    Crossoptilon mantchuricum.
    Crossoptilon crossoptilon.
    Lophura swinhoii.
    Lophura imperialis.
    Lophura edwardsü.
    Syrmaticus ellioti.
    Syrmaticus humiae.
    Symaticus mikado.
    Polyplectron emphanum.
    Tetraogallus tibetanus.
    Tetraogallus caspius.
    Cyrtonyx montezumae merriami.

    Gruiformes

    Gruidae:

    Grus japonensis.
    Grus leucogaranus.
    Grus americana.
    Grus canadensis pulla.
    Grus canadensis nesiotes.
    Grus nigricollis.
    Grus vipio.
    Grus monacha.
     
    Rallidae — Tricholimnas sylvestris.
    Rhynochetidae — Rhynochetos jubatus.
    Otididae — Eupodotis bengalensis.

    Charadriiformes

    Scolopacidae:

    Numenius borealis.
    Tringa guttifer.

    Laridae — Larus relictus.

    Columbiformes

    Columbidae — Ducula mindorensis.

    Psittaciformes

    Psittacidse:

    Strigops habroptilus.
    Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha.
    Amazona leucocephala.
    Amazona vittata.
    Amazona guildingii.
    Amazona versicolor.
    Amazona imperialis.
    Amazona rhodocorytha.
    Amazona petrei petrei.
    Amazona vinacea.
    Pyrrhura cruentata.
    Anodorhynchus glaucus.
    Anodorhynchus leari.
    Cyanopsitta spixii.
    Pionopsitta pileata.
    Aratinga guaruba.
    Psittacula krameri acho.
    Psephotus pulcherrimus.
    Psephotus chrysoptarygius.
    Neophema chrysogaster.
    Neophema splendida.
    Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae.
    Cyanoramphus auriceps forbesi.
    Geopsittacus occidentalis.
    Psittacus erithacus princeps.

    Apodiformes

    Trochilidae — Ramphodon dohrnii.

    Trogoniformes

    Trogonidae:

    Pharomachrus mocinno mocinno.
    Pharomachrus mocinno costaricensis.

    Strigiformes

    Strigidae — Otus gurneyi.

    Coraciiformes

    Bucerotidae — Rhinoplex vigil.

    Piciformes

    Picidae:

    Dryocopus javensis richardsü.
    Campephilus imperialis.

    Passeriformes

    Cotingidae:

    Cotinga maculata.
    Xipholena atro-purpurea.
     
    Pittidae — Pitta kochi.
    Atrichornithidae — Atrichornis clamosa.
    Muscicapidae:
    Picathartes gymnocephalus.
    Picathartes oreas.
    Psophodes nigrogularis.
    Amytornis goyderi.
    Dasyornis brachypterus longirostris.
    Dasyornis broadbenti littoralis.
     
    Sturnidae — Leucopsal rothschildi.
    Meliphagidae — Meliphaga cassidix.
    Zosteropidae — Zosterops albogularis.
    Fringillidae — Spinus cucullatus.

    Amphibia

    Urodela

    Cryptobranchidae:

    Andrias (=Megalobatrachus) davidianus japonicus.
    Andrias (=Megalobatrachus) davidianus.

    Salientia

    Bufonidae:

    Bufo superciliaris.
    Bufo periglenes.
    Nectophrynoides spp.

    Atelopodidae — Atelopus varius zeteki.

    Reptilia

    Crocodylia

    Alligatoridae:

    Alligator mississippiensis.
    Alligator sinensis.
    Melanosuchus niger.
    Caiman crocodilus apaporiensis.
    Caiman latirostris.

    Crocodylidae:

    Tomistome schlegelii.
    Osteolaemus tetraspis tetraspis.
    Osteolaemus tetraspis osborni.
    Crocodylus cataphractus.
    Crocodylus siamensis.
    Crocodylus palustris palustris.
    Crocodylus palustris kimbula.
    Crocodylus novaeguineae mindorensis.
    Crocodylus intermedius.
    Crocodylus rhombifer.
    Crocodylus moreletii.
    Crocodylus niloticus.

    Gavialidae — Gavialis gangeticus.

    Testudinata

    Emydidae:

    Batagur baska.
    Geoclemmys (=Damonia) hamiltonii.
    Geoemyda (=Niceria) tricarinata.
    Kachuga tecta tecta.
    Morenia ocellata.
    Terrapene coahuila.

    Testudinidae:

    Geochelone (=Testudo) elephantopus.
    Geochelone (=Testudo) geometrica.
    Geochelone (=Testudo) radiata.
    Geochelone (=Testudo) yniphora.

    Cheloniidae:

    Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata.
    Lepidochelys kempii.

    Trionychidae:

    Lissemys punctata punctata.
    Trionyx ater.
    Trionyx nigricans.
    Trionyx gangeticus.
    Trionyx hurum.

    Chelidae — Pseudemydura umbrina.

    Lacertilia

    Varanidae:

    Varanus komodoensis.
    Varanus flavescens.
    Varanus bengalensis.
    Varanus ariseus.

    Serpentes

    Boidae:

    Epicrates inornatus inornatus.
    Epicrates subílavus.
    Python molurus molurus.

    Rhynchocephalia

    Sphenodontidae — Sphenodon puctatus.

    Pisces

    Acipenseriformes

    Acipenseridae:

    Acipenser brevirostrum.
    Acipenser oxyrhynchus.

    Osteoglossiformes

    Osteoglossidae — Sclepages formosus.

    Salmoniformes

    Salmonidae — Coregonus alpenae.

    Cypriniformes

    Catostomidae — Chasmistes cujus.
    Cyprinidae — Probarbus jullieni.

    Siluriformes

    Schilbeidae — Pangasianodon gigas.

    Perciformes

    Percidae — Stizostedion vitreum glaucum.

    Mollusca

    Naiadoida

    Unionidae:

    Conradilla caelata.
    Dromus dromas.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) florentina curtisi.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) florentina florentina.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) sampsoni.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) sulcata perobliqua.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) torulosa gubernaculum.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) torulosa torulosa.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) turgidula.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) walkeri.
    Fusconaia cuneolus.
    Fusconaia edgariana.
    Lampsilis higginsi.
    Lampsilis orbiculata orbiculata.
    Lampsilis setura.
    Lampsilis virescans.
    Plethobasis cicatricosus.
    Plethobasis cooperianus.
    Pleurobama plenum.
    Potamilus (=Proptera) capax.
    Quadrula intermedia.
    Quadrula sparse.
    Toxolasma (=Carunculina) cylindrella.
    Unio (Megalonaias/?/) nicklinlana.
    Unio (Lampsilis /?/) tampicoansis tecomatensis.
    Villosa (=Micromye) trabalis.

    Flora

    Araceae

    Araceae:

    Alocasia sanderiana.
    Alocasia zebrina.
     
    Caryocaraceae — Caryocar* costaricense.
    Caryophyllaceae:
    Gymnocarpos przewalskii.
    Melandrium mongolicum.
    Silene mongolica.
    Stellaria pulvinata.
     
    Cupressaceae — Pilgerodendron uviferum.
    Cycadaceae:
    Encephalartos spp.
    Microcycas calocoma.
    Stangeria eriopus.
    Gentianaceae — Prepusa hookeriana.
    Humiriaceae — Vantanea barbourii.
    Juglandaceae — Engelhardtia pterocarpa.

    Leguminosae:

    Ammopiptanthus mongolicum.
    Cynometra hemitomophylla.
    Platymiscium pleiostachyum.

    Liliaceae:

    Aloe albida.
    Aloe pillansii.
    Aloe polyphylla.
    Aloe thorncroftii.
    Aloe vossii.
     
    Melastomataceae — Lavoisiera itambana.
    Meliaceae:
    Guarea longipetiola.
    Tachiagalia versicolor.
     
    Moraceae — Batocarpus costaricensie.
    Orchidaceae:
    Cattleya jongheana.
    Cattleya skinneri.
    Cattleya trianae.
    Didiclea cunninghamii.
    Laelia lobata.
    Lycaste virginalis var. alba.
    Peristeria elata.

    Pinaceae:

    Abies guatamalensis.
    Abies nebrodensis.

    Podocarpaceae:

    Podocarpus costalis.
    Podocarpus parlatorei.

    Proteaceae:

    Orothamnus zeyheri
    Protea odorata.
     
    Rubiaceae — Balmea stormae.
    Saxifragaceae (Grossulariaceae) — Ribes sardoum.
    Taxaceae — Fitzroya cupressoides.
    Ulmaceae — Celtis aetnensis.
    Welwitschiaceae — Welwitschia bainesii.
    Zingiberaceae —Hedychium philippinense.

    APPENDIX II

    Interpretation:

    1 — Species included in this appendix are referred to:

    a) By the name of the species; or
    b) As being all of the species included in a higher taxon or designated part thereof.

    2 — The abbreviation «spp.» is used to denote all the species of a higher taxon.

    3 — Other references to taxa higher than species are for the purposes of information or classification only.

    4 — An asterisk (*) placed against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates that one or more geographically separate populations, sub-species or species of that taxon are included in appendix I and that these populations, sub-species or species are excluded from appendix II.

    5 — The symbol (#) followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon designates parts or derivatives which are specified in relation thereto for the purposes of the present Convention as follows:

    # 1 designates root ;
    # 2 designates timber;
    # 3 designates trunks.

    6 — The symbol (-) followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon indicates the exclusion from that species or taxon of designated geographically separate populations, sub-species, species or groups of species as follows:

    — 101 Species which are not succulents.

    7 — The symbol (+) followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon denotes that only designated geographically separate populations, sub-species or species of that species or taxon are included in this appendix as follows:

    + 201 All North American sub-species;
    + 202 New Zealand species;
    + 203 All species of the family in the Americas;
    + 204 Australian population.

    Fauna

    Mammalia

    Marsupialia

    Macropodidae:

    Dendrolagus inustus.
    Dendrolagus ursinus.

    Insectivora

    Erinaceidae — Erinaceus frontalis.

    Primates

    Lemuridae — Lemur catta*
    Lorisidae:
    Nycticebus coucang.
    Loris tardigradus.
     
    Cebidae — Cebus capucinus.
    Cercopithecidae:
    Macaca sylvanus.
    Colobus badius gordonorum.
    Colobus verus.
    Rhinopithecus roxellanae.
    Presbytis johnii.

    Pongidae:

    Pan paniscus.
    Pan troglodytes.

    Edentata

    Myrmecophagidae:

    Myrmacophaga tridactyla.
    Tamandua tetradactyla chapadensis.

    Bradypodidae — Bradypus boliviensis.

    Pholidota

    Manidae:

    Manis crassicaudata.
    Manis pentadactyla.
    Manis javanica.

    Lagomorpha

    Leporidas — Nesolagus netscheri.

    Rodentia

    Heteromyidae — Dipodomys phillipsii phillipsii.
    Sciuridae:
    Ratufa spp.
    Lariscus hosei.

    Castoridae:

    Castor canadensis frondator.
    Castor canadensis repentinus.

    Cricetidae — Ondatra zibethicus bernardi.

    Carnivora

    Canidae:

    Canis lupus pallipes.
    Canis lupus irremotus.
    Canis lupus crassodon.
    Chrysocyon brachyurus.
    Cuon alpinus.

    Ursidae:

    Ursus (Thalarctos) maritimus.
    Ursos arctos * +201.
    Helarctos maleyanus.
     
    Procyonidae — Allurus fulgens.
    Mustelidae — Martas americana atrata.
    Viveraidae:
    Prionodon linsang.
    Cynogale bennetti.
    Helogale derbianus.

    Felidae:

    Felis yagouaroundi *.
    Felis colocolo pajeros.
    Felis colocolo crespoi.
    Felis colocolo budini.
    Felis concolor missoulensis.
    Felis concolor mayensis.
    Felis concolor azteca.
    Felis serval.
    Felis lynx isabellina.
    Felis wiedil *.
    Felis pardalis *.
    Felis trigrina *.
    Felis (=Caracal) caracal.
    Panthera leo persica.
    Panthera tigris alcaica (=amurensis).

    Pinnipedia

    Otariidae:

    Arctocephalus australis.
    Arctocephalus galapagoensis.
    Arctocephalus philippii.
    Arctocephalus townsendi.

    Phocidae:

    Mirounga australis.
    Mirounga leonina.

    Tubulidentata

    Orycteropidae — Orycteropus afer.

    Sirenia

    Dugongidae — Dugong dugon * +204.
    Trichechidae — Trichechus senegalensis.

    Perissodactyla

    Equidae — Equus hemionus *.
    Tapiridae — Tapirus terrestris.
    Rhinocerotidae — Diceros bicornis.

    Artiodactyla

    Hippopotamidae — Choeropsis liberiensis.
    Cervidae:
     
    Cervus elaphus bactrianus.
    Pudu mephistophiles.
     
    Antilocapridae — Antilocapra americana mexicana.
    Bovidae:
    Cephalophus monticola.
    Oryx (tao) dammah.
    Addax nasomaculatus.
    Pantholops hodgsoni.
    Capra faconeri *.
    Ovis ammon *.
    Ovis canadensis.

    Aves

    Sphenisciformes

    Spheniscidae — Spheniscus demersus.

    Rheiformes

    Rheidae:

    Rhea americana albescens.
    Pterocnemia pennata pennata.
    Pterocnemia pennata garleppi.

    Tinamiformes

    Tinamidae:

    Rhynchotus rufescens rufescens.
    Rhynchotus rufescens pallescens.
    Rhynchotus rufescens maculicollis.

    Ciconiiformes

    Ciconiidae — Ciconia nigra.
    Threskiornithidae:
    Geronticus calvus.
    Platalea leucorodia.

    Phoenicopteridae:

    Phoenicopterus ruber chilensis.

    Phoenicoparrus andinus.
    Phoenicoparrus jamesi.

    Pelecaniformes

    Pelecanidae — Pelecanus crispus.

    Anseriformes

    Anatidae:

    Anas aucklandica aucklandica.
    Anas aucklandica chlorotis.
    Anas bernieri.
    Dendrocygna arborea.
    Sarkidiornis melanotis.
    Anser albifrons gambelli.
    Cygnus bewickii jankowskii.
    Cygnus melancoryphus.
    Coscoroba coscoroba.
    Branta ruficollis.

    Falconiformes

    Accipitridae:

    Gypaetus barbatus meridionalis.
    Aquila chrysaetos.

    Falconidae — Spp.*

    Galliformes

    Megapodiidae:

    Megapodius freycinet nicobariensis.
    Megapodius freycinet abbotti.
     
    Tetraonidae — Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus.
    Phasianidae:
    Francolinus ochropectus.
    Francolinus swierstrai.
    Catreus wallichil.
    Polyplectron malacense.
    Polyplectron germaini.
    Polyplectron bicalcaratum.
    Gallus sonneratii.
    Argusianus argus.
    Ithaginus cruentus.
    Cyrtonyx montezumae montezumae.
    Cyrtonix montezumae mearnsi.

    Gruiformes

    Gruidae:

    Balearica regulorum
    Grus canadensis pratensis.
     
    Rallidae — Gallirallus australis hectori.
    Otididae:
    Chlamydotis undulata.
    Choriotis nigriceps.
    Otis tarda.

    Charadriiformes

    Scolopacidae:

    Numenius tenuirostris.
    Numenius minutus.

    Laridae — Larus brunneicephalus.

    Columbiformes

    Columbidae:

    Gallicolumba luzonica.
    Goura cristata.
    Goura scheepmakeri.
    Goura victoria.
    Calpenas nicobarica pelewensis.

    Psittaciformes

    Psittacidae:

    Coracopsis nigra barklyi.
    Prosopeia personata.
    Eunymphicus cornutus.
    Cyanoramphus unicolor.
    Cyanoramphus rovaezelandiae.
    Cyanoramphus malherbi.
    Poicephalus robustus.
    Tanygnathus luzoniensis.
    Probosciger alterrimus.

    Cuculiformes

    Musophagidae:

    Turaco corvthaix.
    Gallirex porphyreolophus.

    Strigiformes

    Strigidae — Otus nudipes newtoni.

    Coraciiformes

    Bucerotidae:

    Buceros rhinoceros rhinoceros.
    Buceros bicornis.
    Buceros hydrocorax hydrocorax.
    Aceros narcondami.

    Piciformes

    Picidae — Picus squamatus flavirostris.

    Passeriformes

    Cotingidae:

    Rupicola rupicola.
    Rupicola peruviana.
     
    Pittidae — Pitta brachyura nympha.
    Hirundinidae — Pseudochelidon sirintarae.
    Paradissoidae — Spp.
    Muscicapidae — Muscicapa ruacki.
    Fringillidae — Spinus yarellii.

    Amphibia

    Urodela

    Ambystomidae:

    Ambystoma mexicanum.
    Ambystoma dumerllii.
    Ambystoma lermaensis.

    Salientia

    Bufonidae — Bufo retiformis.

    Reptilia

    Crocodylia

    Alligatoridae:

    Caiman crocodilus crocodilus.
    Caiman crocodilus jacare.
    Caiman crocodilus fuscus (chiapasius).
    Paleosuchus palpebrosus.
    Paleosuchus trigonatus.

    Crocodylidae:

    Crocodylus johnsoni.
    Crocodylus novaeguineae novaeguineae.
    Crocodylus porosus.
    Crocodylus acutus.

    Testudinata

    Emydidae — Clemmys muhlenbergi.
    Testudinidae:
    Chersine spp.
    Geochelone spp. *
    Gopherus spp.
    Homopus spp.
    Kinixys spp.
    Malacochersus spp.
    Pyxis spp.
    Testudo spp.

    Cheloniidae:

    Caretta caretta.
    Chelonia mydas.
    Chelonia depressa.
    Eretmochelys imbricata bissa.
    Lepidochelys olivacea.
     
    Dermochelidae — Dermochelys coriacea.
    Pelomedusidae — Podocnemis ssp.

    Lacertilia

    Teiidae — Cnemidophorus hyperythrus.
    Iguanidae:
    Conolophus pallidus.
    Cololophus subcristatus.
    Amblyrhynchus cristatus.
    Phrynosoma coronatum blainvillei.

    Helodermatidae:

    Heloderma suspectum.
    Heloderma horridum.

    Varanidae — Varanus spp. *

    Serpentes

    Boidae:

    Epicrates cenchris cenchris.
    Eunectes notaeus.
    Constrictor constrictor.
    Python spp. *

    Colubridae:

    Cyclagras gigas.
    Pseudoboa choelia.
    Elachistodon westermanni.
    Thamnophis elegans hammondi.

    Pisces

    Acipenseriformes

    Acipenseridae:

    Acipenser fulvescens.
    Acipenser sturio.

    Osteoglossiformes

    Osteoglossidae — Arapaima gigas.

    Salmoniformes

    Salmonidae:

    Stenodus leucichthys jeucichthys.
    Salmo chrysogaster.

    Cypriniformes

    Cyprinidae:

    Plagopterus argentissimus.
    Ptychocheilus fucius.

    Atheriniformes

    Cyprinodontidae:

    Cynolebias constancias.
    Cynolebias marmoratus.
    Cynolebias minimus.
    Cynolebias opalescens.
    Cynolebias splendens.

    Poeciliidae — Xiphophorus couchianus.

    Coelacanthiformes

    Coelacanthidae — Latimeria chalumnae.

    Ceratodiformes

    Ceratodidae — Neoceratodus forsteri.

    Mollusca

    Naiadoida

    Unionidae:

    Cyprogenia abarti.
    Epioblasma (=Dysnomia) torulosa rangiana.
    Fusconaia subrotunda.
    Lampsilis brevicula.
    Lexingtonia dolabelloides.
    Pleorobema clava.

    Stylommatophora

    Camaenidae — Papustyla (=Papuina) pulcharrima.
    Paraphantidae — Paraphanta spp. + 202.

    Prosobranchia

    Hydrobiidae:

    Coahuilix hubbsi.
    Cochliopina milleri.
    Durangonelia coahuilae.
    Mexipyrgus carranzae.
    Mexipyrgus churinceanus.
    Mexipyrgus escobedae.
    Mexipyrgus lugoi.
    Mexipyrgus moiarralis.
    Mexipyrgus multilineatus.
    Mexithauma quadripaludium.
    Nymphophilus minckloyi.
    Paludiscala caramba.

    Insecta

    Lepidoptera

    Papilionidae — Parnassius apollo apollo.

    Flora

    Apocynaceae — Pachypodium spp.
    Araliaceae — Panax quinquefoluim #1.
    Araucariaceae — Araucaria araucana #2.
    Cactaceae:
    Cactaceae spp. +203.
    Rhipsalis spp.
    Compositae — Saussurea lappa #1.
    Cyatheaceae:
    Cyathea (Hemitella) capensis #3.
    Cyathea dredgei #3.
    Cyathea mexicana #3.
    Cyathea (Alsophila) salvinil #3.
    Dioscoreacea — Dioscorea deltoidea #1.
    Euphorbiacea — Euphorbia spp. — 101.
    Fagaceae — Quercus copeyensis #2.
    Leguminosae — Thermopsis mongolica.
    Liliaceae — Aloe spp. *
    Meliaceae — Swietenia humilis #2.
    Orchidaceae — Spp. *
    Palmae:
    Arenga ipot.
    Phoenix hanceana var. philippinansis.
    Zalacca clemensiana.
     
    Portulacaceae — Anacampseros spp.
    Primulaceae — Cyciamen spp.
    Solanaceae — Solanum sylvestris.
    Sterculiaceae — Basiloxylon excelsum #2.
    Verbenaceae — Caryopteris mongolica.
    Zygophyllaceae — Guaiacum sanctum #2.


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