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行政長官辦公室

法規:

第26/2004號行政長官公告

公報編號:

32/2004

刊登日期:

2004.8.9

版數:

1401-1440

  • 命令公佈《中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府與冰島共和國政府航班協定》

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  • 第48/2004號行政長官公告 - 命令公佈就二零零四年七月十三日在雷克雅未克簽訂的《中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府與冰島共和國政府航班協定》的生效,以換文形式完成所需的內部法律程序
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    《公報》原始 PDF 版本

    第26/2004號行政長官公告

    中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府與冰島共和國政府航班協定

    行政長官根據澳門特別行政區第3/1999號法律第三條(六) 項和第六條第一款的規定,命令公佈《中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府與冰島共和國政府航班協定》。

    二零零四年八月三日發佈。

    行政長官 何厚鏵

    ———

    中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府與冰島共和國政府航班協定

    經中華人民共和國中央人民政府正式授權締結本協定的中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區政府(澳門特別行政區)和冰島共和國政府,以下稱為“締約雙方”;

    希望在民用航空領域發展其相互關係並締結一項協定,以便在兩個地區之間及其以遠建立航班服務;

    希望提倡基於空運企業間的市場競爭,而少有政府干預和限制的國際航空體系;

    希望便利擴大國際航班服務的機會;並

    希望確保國際航空運輸最高程度的安全和保安,並重申他們對於危及航空器安全的行為或威脅的嚴重關注,這些行為或威脅危及人員或財產的安全,對航空運輸的經營產生不利的影響,並壞公眾對民用航空安全的信心;

    達成協定如下:

    第一條

    定義

    就本協定而言,除非文中另有陳述,術語:

    一、“航空當局”,在冰島共和國方面指交通部,在澳門特別行政區方面指民航局,或對雙方而言,指經授權行使上述當局目前行使的任何職能或類似職能的任何個人或機構;

    二、“協定”,指本協定,其附件以及對本協定及附件的任何修改;

    三、“航空運輸”,指為取酬或僱用之目的而使用航空器分別或以混合方式公共運載旅客、行李、貨物和郵件;

    四、“地區”,在冰島共和國方面,具有公約第二條中所賦予“領土”的含義,在澳門特別行政區方面包括澳門半島、氹仔島和路環島;

    五、“公約”,指一九四四年十二月七日在芝加哥開放簽字的國際民用航空公約及包括根據公約第九十四(a)條對締約雙方均已生效的對公約的任何修改及任何附件,以及根據該公約第九十條通過的任何附件和對該附件的任何修改,只要該附件或修改在任何特定時間對締約雙方有效;

    六、“指定空運企業”,指根據本協定第三條而獲指定和授權的空運企業;

    七、“歐洲經濟區”,是指以歐洲共同體及其成員國為一方,以不包括瑞士在內的EFTA國家為另一方,根據一九九二年五月二日在波爾圖簽訂的歐洲經濟區協議建立的加強自由貿易區。EFTA是歐洲自由貿易協會的簡稱,冰島為其成員國。

    八、“全部成本”,指提供服務的成本,加上所收取的合理管理費用;

    九、“價格”,指空運企業,包括其代理人以航空運輸承運旅客(及其行李)和/或貨物(不包括郵件)收取的任何運價、費率或收費以及指導此種運價、費率或收費所適用的條件;

    十、“非運輸業務性經停”、“空運企業”和“航班”,具有公約第九十六條所規定的含義;及

    十一、“使用費”,指提供機場、空中導航或航空保安設施或服務,包括相關服務和設施,而向空運企業收取的費用。

    第二條

    權利的授予

    一、締約一方給予締約另一方以下權利,以便締約另一方空運企業經營國際航班:

    一)飛越締約對方地區而不降停;

    二)在其地區內作非運輸業務性經停;及

    三)本協定規定的其他權利。

    二、 締約各方的不屬於本協定第三條的指定空運企業的,也同樣享有本條第一款規定的權利。

    三、本條第二款的內容不應被視為給予締約一方的一家或多家空運企業以取酬為目的,在締約另一方地區內裝載旅客、其行李、貨物或郵件前往締約另一方地區內另一點的權利。

    第三條

    指定與授權

    一、締約一方有權以書面向締約另一方指定一家或多家空運企業在附件所規定的各條航線上經營協議航班,以及撤銷或更改該指定。該指定應書面提出,通過適當途徑發至締約另一方。

    二、締約另一方航空當局在收到上述指定和該指定空運企業符合經營授權及技術許可規定的方式和做法的申請後,應以最少的程序上的延誤授予適當的經營授權及許可,條件是:

    一)就冰島指定的空運企業而言:

    (一)該空運企業是根據歐洲經濟區協議在冰島地區成立,並根據以歐洲經濟區協議或歐洲共同體法律所通過的法律得到經營許可證;及

    (二)負責授予其空運經營人執照的某一歐洲經濟區協議成員國對該空運企業實施並保持有效的管理上的控制,並且在指定中對有關航空當局予以清楚識別。

    二)就澳門特別行政區指定的空運企業而言:

    (一)該空運企業在澳門特別行政區註冊並以澳門特別行政區為主要經營地;及

    (二)該空運企業持有澳門特別行政區航空當局頒發的有效空運經營人執照。

    三)該空運企業具備資格滿足評估一項或多項申請的締約方通常應用於國際航班運營的法律和規定所制訂的條件。

    第四條

    授權的撤銷

    發生下述情況時,締約一方可撤銷、暫停締約對方的指定空運企業的經營授權或技術許可,或對經營授權或技術許可進行限制:

    一)就冰島指定的空運企業而言:

    (一)該空運企業不是根據歐洲經濟區協議在冰島地區成立,或不是根據以歐洲經濟區協議或歐洲共同體法律通過的法律得到經營許可證;或

    (二)負責授予其空運經營人執照的某一歐洲經濟區協議成員國沒有對該空運企業實施並保持有效的管理上的控制,或在指定中沒有對有關航空當局予以清楚識別。

    二)就澳門特別行政區指定的空運企業而言:

    (一)該空運企業不是在澳門特別行政區註冊並以澳門特別行政區為主要經營地;或

    (二)該空運企業不持有澳門特別行政區航空當局頒發的有效空運經營人執照。

    三)該空運企業未能遵守本協定第七條提到的法律和規定。

    第五條

    法律的適用

    一、當締約另一方空運企業的航空器進入、在其地區內停留或離開締約一方地區時,須遵守該締約一方有關航空器運營和航行的法律和規定。

    二、當進入、在其地區內停留和離開締約一方地區時,締約另一方空運企業的旅客、機組或貨物須遵守,或代為遵守該締約一方有關航空器上的旅客、機組或貨物的有關法律和規定(包括有關進入、放行、航空保安、移民、護照、海關和檢疫的規定,或如屬郵件,須遵守郵政規定)。

    三、任何締約方在適用其移民、海關、檢疫和類似規定時,不應給予從事類似國際航空運輸的己方的或任何其他空運企業比締約另一方指定空運企業更優惠的待遇。

    第六條

    證件的承認

    一、為了經營本協定規定的航空運輸,締約一方應對締約另一方頒發或核准有效並仍然有效的適航證、資格證和執照承認其有效,只要頒發或核准此種證件或執照的要求至少相當於根據公約制定的最低標準。

    二、然而,締約各方對為在其地區上空飛行或在其地區內降落而由締約對方頒發或核准其有效的對冰島共和國而言其自己的國民,或對澳門特別行政區而言其自己的居民的資格證和執照,保留拒絕承認其有效的權利。

    第七條

    安全

    一、締約一方可以要求就締約另一方指定空運企業在航行設施、機組、航空器及該空運企業的運營方面所採用的安全標準問題進行協商。

    二、如在此種協商之後,締約一方發現締約另一方未能有效地保持和實施第一款所述方面的符合當時根據公約制定的安全標準, 締約一方應將此等發現及認為達到國際民航組織標準的必要步驟通知締約另一方。締約另一方應在商定的時間範圍內採取適當的行動予以糾正。

    三、 如締約對方在合理的時間之內沒有採取上述的適當糾正行動,締約各方保留扣發、撤銷締約對方一家或多家指定空運企業經營授權或技術許可,或對該授權和許可進行限制的權力。

    四、締約一方根據本條第三款所採取的任何行動在採取此種行動的依據不復存在時應停止。

    第八條

    航空保安

    一、根據國際法賦予的權利和義務,締約雙方重申為保護民用航空安全免遭非法干擾行為而相互承擔的義務構成本協定不可分割的組成部分。在不限制國際法賦予其權利和義務的普遍性的情況下,締約雙方應特別遵守一九六三年九月十四日在東京簽訂的關於在航空器內犯罪和犯有某些其他行為的公約、一九七零年十二月十六日在海牙簽訂的關於制止非法劫持航空器的公約,和一九七一年九月二十三日在蒙特利爾簽訂的關於制止危害民用航空安全的非法行為的公約,以及對締約雙方均適用的任何其他航空保安方面的公約。

    二、締約雙方應根據請求相互提供一切必要的協助,以防止非法劫持民用航空器和其他危及該等航空器、其旅客和機組、機場和航行設施安全的非法行為,以及危及民航安全的任何其他威脅。

    三、締約雙方在其相互關係中,應遵守所有的航空保安標準以及國際民航組織所制定的並作公約附件的適當建議措施;締約雙方應要求其註冊的航空器經營人或以其地區為主要經營地或永久駐地的航空器經營人,及其地區內的機場經營人遵守該航空保安規定。

    四、締約雙方同意,遵守締約對方關於進入該方地區所要求的保安規定,並採取充份措施保護航空器,在登機和裝機前或登機和裝機期間,對旅客、機組及其行李和手提物品,以及貨物和機上供應品實施檢查。締約各方對締約另一方為對付某項特定威脅而採取任何特別保安措施的要求,亦應給予積極的考慮。

    五、當發生非法劫持民用航空器的事件或威脅,或其他危及旅客、機組、航空器、機場或航行設施安全的非法行為時,締約雙方應互相協助,提供聯繫的便利及採取其它適當措施,以便迅速、安全地終止該事件或威脅。

    六、當締約一方有合理的理由認為締約另一方未能遵守本條款的航空保安規定,該締約方航空當局可提出立即與締約另一方航空當局協商的要求。如自提出協商之日的十五天之內未能達成滿意協議,則構成扣留、撤銷、限制該締約方的一家或多家空運企業的經營授權及技術許可或對其附加條件的依據。當出於緊急情況的需要,或防止進一步違反本條的規定,前一締約方可隨時採取臨時行動。

    第九條

    商業機會

    一、締約一方指定空運企業有權在另一方地區內設立辦事處以推廣和銷售航空運輸。

    二、締約一方空運企業有權根據另一方關於入境、居留和就業的法律和規定,在締約另一方地區內派駐和保留提供航空運輸所需的管理、銷售、技術、運營及其他專業人員。

    三、締約各方的任何指定空運企業可根據關於保護旅客資金以及旅客取消和退款權利的適用立法,在締約對方地區內直接和按該空運企業的意願,透過其代理銷售航空運輸。此種航空運輸可以當地貨幣和可自由兌換貨幣兩者進行。

    四、各指定空運企業有權在有需求時兌換和向其地區匯回扣除當地開支後的當地收入。在進行兌換和匯款時,應允許不受限制和不課稅地及時地以承運人最初申請匯款當日適用於當時交易和匯款的匯率辦理。

    五、締約一方空運企業應被允許在另一方地區內使用當地貨幣支付當地開支,包括購買燃油。締約一方空運企業可按其意願,在締約另一方地區內根據當地貨幣規定使用可自由兌換貨幣支付此種開支。

    六、一)在經營或提供規定航線上的航班方面,締約一方的任何指定空運企業可與以下空運企業進行包座位和代碼共享或租賃安排:

    (一)締約任何一方的一家或多家空運企業;及

    (二)第三方的一家或多家空運企業。如該第三方不授權與或不允許締約另一方空運企業和其它空運企業在來往和經過(此第三方)的航班上進行類似的安排,締約雙方有權不接受此種安排;

    二)但上述規定的條件是所有進行此類安排的空運企業:

    (一)享有基本的業務權並且符合本協定的原則,及

    (二)符合締約雙方航空當局對此類安排的要求。

    三)代號共享的空運企業須在其建議實施日的四十五天之前將代號共享及包座位安排的建議向締約雙方航空當局提出。此代號共享及包座位安排須得到締約雙方航空當局的批准。

    第十條

    海關稅及收費

    一、締約另一方指定空運企業經營國際航空運輸的航空器,其正常設備、地面設備、燃油、潤滑油、技術消秏品、零備件 (包括發動機)、機上供應品(包括但不限於諸如食品、飲料和酒類、煙草以及在飛行途中向旅客出售或供旅客使用的其他限量物品),以及單純供從事國際航空運輸的航空器經營或服務使用的其它物品,在抵達締約一方地區時,應在對等基礎上,根據該締約方的法律最大限度地免除所有的進口限制、財產稅、海關關稅、消費稅以及類似收費,以及(一)締約雙方當局實行的,並且(二)不是基於服務成本的各類收費,條件是此種設備和供應品留置在飛機上。

    二、除了基於提供服務成本的費用之外,也應在對等的基礎上,根據該締約方的法律最大限度地免除本條第一款所述的稅收、徵稅、關稅、收費和費用:

    一)運進締約一方地區或在該地區內提供並裝上航空器供締約另一方空運企業經營國際航空運輸的出港航空器使用的合理數量之內的機上供應品,即使這些供應品是在裝上航空器的締約方地區內的部分航段途中使用;

    二)運進締約一方地區的為保養、維護或修理締約另一方空運企業經營國際航空運輸的航空器的地面設備和零備件(包括發動機);

    三)運進締約一方地區或在該地區內提供締約另一方空運企業經營國際航空運輸中使用的燃油、潤滑油及技術消耗品,即使這些供應品是在裝上航空器的締約方地區內的部分航段途中使用;及

    四)運進締約一方地區或在該地區內提供並裝上航空器的在合理限量之內,供締約另一方從事國際航空運輸的空運企業的離港航空器使用的宣傳及廣告資料,即使這些供應品是在裝上航空器的締約方地區內的部分航段途中使用;

    三、本條第一款和第二款所述的設備和供應品可以被要求置於有關當局監管或控制之下。

    四、在締約一方空運企業與另一家同樣享有締約另一方此種免除的空運企業就在締約另一方地區內租用或移交本條第一款和第二款規定的物品訂有協議的情況下,本條規定的免除亦同樣適用。

    第十一條

    用戶費

    一、締約一方有關收費當局或機構向締約另一方指定的空運企業可能徵收的使用費應公正、合理、無不正當歧視,並在各類用戶間公平分攤。無論何種情況,在評估對締約另一方空運企業的任何此種用戶費時,其優惠條件不應遜於其他任何空運企業在評估該項收費時享有的最優惠條件。

    二、向締約對方空運企業徵收的用戶費可以反映,但不應超過有關收費當局或機構為提供適當機場、機場環境、空中航行,及機場或機場系統內的航空保安設施及服務所需的全部成本。上述全部成本應包括資產折舊之後的合理回報。應以有效和經濟的方式提供收費的設施及服務。

    三、締約各方應鼓勵其地區內的主管收費當局或機構與使用服務和設施的空運企業進行協商,並應鼓勵有關收費當局或機構與空運企業交換必要的資料,以便能夠根據本條第一款和第二款的原則準確地審議收費的合理性。締約各方應鼓勵其收費當局將調整用戶費用的任何建議合理地事先通知用戶,以便用戶在調整之前表達他們的意見。

    四、根據第十七條(協商與解決爭議)解決爭議的程序,任何一方不得被認為違反了本條的規定,除非:(一)它未能在合理的時間內對締約另一方就收費或作法的投訴進行審議;或 (二) 審議之後,它未能在其職權範圍內採取所有措施糾正與本條不符的任何收費或作法。

    第十二條

    避免雙重徵稅

    一、締約一方的空運企業以航空器經營國際運輸所得收入及利潤,包括參加合營航班、聯營運輸業務或國際性經營機構所得收入及利潤,在該締約方地區繳稅者,應免除在締約另一方地區徵收的收入稅、利潤稅及所有其他各類有關收入及利潤方面的稅收。

    二、締約一方空運企業的航空器經營國際業務的有關資本及財產,應免除在締約另一方地區徵收的資本及財產稅。

    三、締約一方空運企業從轉讓經營國際業務的航空器和與經營該航空器有關的動產所得的收益,其收入及利潤根據第一款僅應在該方地區繳稅者,應免除在締約另一方地區對該等收益徵收的任何稅項。

    四、就本條而言:

    一)“收入和利潤”一詞,包括以航空器經營運送人員、牲畜、貨物、郵件或商品的國際業務所得的收益及收入總額,包括:

    (一)包機或出租航空器的收益和總收入,如果此包機或出租航空器對於經營國際業務的航空器來說只是偶然性的;

    (二)為該空運企業本身或為任何其他空運企業出售機票或類似的憑證,以及提供與該等承運有關的服務所得的收益和收入總額,但在後一種情況下,該等出售或提供服務對於經營國際業務的航空器來說只是偶然性的;

    (三)與使用航空器經營的國際業務直接有關的資金之利息;

    二)“國際業務”一詞,指航空器的任何載運,但完全在締約對方地區內的地點之間的載運除外。

    三)“主管當局”一詞,就冰島而言,指財政部長或其授權的代表,就澳門特別行政區而言,指財政局(Direcção dos Serviços de Finanças)或其授權的代表,或經授權行使目前財政局行使的任何職能或類似職能的任何個人或機構。

    五、締約雙方主管當局應通過相互協商,盡力解決涉及本條的詮釋或應用方面的任何爭議。第十七條(協商及解決爭議)不適用於任何此類爭議。

    六、儘管有第二十一條(生效)的規定,各方應書面通知對方已完成其法律要求的使本條生效的有關程序。本條應於該通知書中後一份通知書的接收日期生效,隨之對翌年一月一日或其後產生的有關收入、利潤及所得,以及當日及其後持有的資本和財產具有效力。

    七、儘管有第十九條(終止)的規定,當根據該條款發出終止本協定的通知之後六個月到期日的翌年的一月一日,本條應停止對當日及其後的有關收入、利潤及所得,以及持有的資本和財產具有效力。

    八、當締約雙方為避免對有關收入雙重徵稅而簽訂規定類似本條所述的例外情況的協議生效,本條即失去效力。

    第十三條

    公平競爭

    一、各締約方應允許締約雙方指定空運企業享有公平均等的機會在提供本協定所規管的國際航空運輸中競爭。

    二、各締約方應允許各指定空運企業根據對市場的商業考慮確定其提供的國際航空運輸的班次和運力。與此權利相一致,除非根據與公約第十五條相一致的統一條件,由於海關、技術、經營或環境的要求,締約一方不得單方面限制締約另一方指定空運企業經營的業務量、班次或航班的定期性,或一種或數種機型。

    三、任何締約方不得對締約另一方指定空運企業附加與本協定的目的不一致的運力、班次或運輸業務方面的任何要求。

    四、締約雙方應將航空運輸中介人和締約另一方指定空運企業的申請要求和程序的行政負擔減至最低程度。

    第十四條

    定價

    一、各締約方應允許各指定空運企業根據市場的商業考慮決定航空運輸的價格。締約雙方的干預應限於:

    一)防止不合理的歧視性價格或作法;

    二)保護消費者免受因濫用支配地位所造成的不合理的高價或限制性價格的影響;和

    三)保護空運企業免受因直接或間接的政府補貼或支持所造成的人為低價的影響。

    二、各締約方可要求締約另一方空運企業向其航空當局通知或提交計劃收取的前往或來自其地區的價格。可以要求締約雙方的空運企業在建議生效日期不少於三十天之前通報或提交。在個別情況下,允許以平時所要求的更短的時間之前通知或提交。

    三、儘管有本條的條款,澳門特別行政區的指定空運企業完全在歐洲聯盟境內的載運所要收取的價格,應遵守歐洲聯盟的法律。但是,各指定空運企業有權採用與市場已有價格相一致的價格。

    第十五條

    多運輸方式聯運

    儘管有本協定的任何其他規定,締約雙方各空運企業和間接的貨運提供人,應被允許為銜接國際航空運輸貨物而不受限制地使用任何地面運輸前往或來自締約雙方或第三方地區內的任何地點,包括運輸進、出有海關設施的所有機場,並在可行的情況下根據適用法律和規定運輸尚未完稅的貨物的權利。上述貨物不論是地面或空運,應可以利用機場海關的通關處理和設施。空運企業可以選擇自行從事地面運輸或通過與其他地面承運人的安排提供地面運輸,包括其他空運企業提供的地面運輸和間接的航空貨運提供人。上述多運輸方式聯運的貨運服務可以用單一的航空和地面運輸結合的通價形式提供,條件是在該運輸相關的真實情況方面發運人沒有被誤導。

    第十六條

    災難調查

    一、當締約任何一方的航空器在締約另一方地區內發生迫降或災難,在其地區內發生迫降或災難的締約方航空當局應立即通知締約另一方航空當局,並立即採取步驟對旅客和機組提供協助,提供航空器及機上的郵件、行李及貨物的安全,並採取必要措施對迫降或災難細節及情況進行調查。

    二、對迫降或災難細節及情況從事調查的締約方航空當局應將調查的情況告知締約另一方航空當局,並在調查中給予締約另一方航空當局表達的充份便利。從事調查的締約方航空當局應在調查報告作出後立即送交締約另一方航空當局。

    第十七條

    協商及解決爭議

    一、本著緊密合作的精神,締約任何一方可隨時要求就本協定及本協定條款的實施及滿意的遵守進行協商。

    二、如果締約雙方就本協定的解釋或適用發生爭議,締約雙方應盡力通過協商解決該爭議。此協商應在可行情況下盡早開始,但無論如何不遲於收到該協商要求之後的六十(60)天,除非締約雙方對此另有協議。

    三、如果締約雙方未能通過協商解決爭議,他們可以商議將該項爭議提交某人或某機構決斷,或在締約任何一方的要求下, 將其提交給一個由三名仲裁人組成的仲裁庭裁決,由每一締約方提名一名仲裁人,第三名仲裁人由如上所提名的兩名仲裁人指定。締約各方應在締約一方經過適當途徑收到締約對方要求對爭議進行仲裁的通知之日起六十天之內指定一名仲裁人,第三名仲裁人應在此後的六十(60)天之內指定。如任何締約方未能在規定期間提出一名仲裁人,或未能在規定期間指定第三名仲裁人,國際民航組織理事會主席可應締約任何一方請求按情況所需指定一名或多名仲裁人。在所有情況下,第三名仲裁人不應為澳門居民或冰島共和國國民,並應由其擔任仲裁庭主席。

    四、 締約雙方承諾遵守根據本條第三款產生的裁決。

    第十八條

    修改

    一、如果締約一方認為有需要修改本協定,包括其附件在內的任何條款,該締約方可要求締約雙方航空當局就所建議的修改進行協商。此協商應在收到此要求後的六十(60)天之內開始進行。按此達成的任何修改應在締約雙方經適當途徑交換信函確認後生效。

    二、對本協定附件的任何修改可在締約雙方航空當局之間直接商定,經適當途徑換函確認後生效。

    第十九條

    終止

    締約任何一方可以隨時以書面通知締約另一方其終止本協定的決定。上述通知應同時發給國際民航組織。本協定自締約另一方收到通知之日第一個週年前的午夜(在締約另一方收到此通知地點)終止,除非在此日期結束之前締約雙方協議撤回該通知。

    第二十條

    向國際民航組織登記

    本協定和對本協定所作的任何修改應在簽字後向國際民航組織登記。

    第二十一條

    生效

    本協定自締約雙方相互換函通知業已完成實施該協定的必要程序之後即行生效。

    下列代表,經其各自政府正式授權,已在本協定上簽字。

    本協定於二零零四年七月十三日在雷克雅未克簽訂,一式兩份,每份用中文、葡萄牙文、冰島文和英文寫成,各個文本同等作準。如在解釋上發生分歧,則以英文文本為準。

    中華人民共和國
    澳門特別行政區政府代表
    冰島共和國政府代表
    歐文龍 哈爾多爾•奧斯格里姆松

    附件

    國際航班

    航線表

    締約雙方按照本附件所指定的空運企業,根據其指定的條件,有權在下述航行的各點之間經營國際航班:

    一、冰島共和國政府指定的一家或多家空運企業的航線:

    冰島以後各點經冰島及中間點至澳門及其以遠多點。

    註:

    中國內地地點、台灣以及香港不得作為中間點或以遠點。

    二、澳門特別行政區政府指定的一家或多家空運企業的航線:

    澳門以後各點經澳門及中間點至冰島及其以遠多點。

    ———

    AIR SERVICES AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE MACAO SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ICELAND

    The Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (“the Macao Special Administrative Region”) and the Government of the Republic of Iceland, hereinafter referred to as “the Contracting Parties”, the former having been duly authorized to conclude this Agreement by the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China;

    Desiring to promote their mutual relations in the field of civil aviation and to conclude an agreement for the purpose of establishing air services between and beyond their respective areas;

    Desiring to promote an international aviation system based on competition among airlines in the marketplace with minimum government interference and regulation;

    Desiring to facilitate the expansion of international air service opportunities; and

    Desiring to ensure the highest degree of safety and security in international air transportation and reaffirming their grave concern about acts or threats against the security of aircraft, which jeopardize the safety of persons or property, adversely affect the operation of air transportation, and undermine public confidence in the safety of civil aviation;

    Have agreed as follows:

    Article 1

    Definitions

    For the purposes of this Agreement, unless otherwise stated, the term:

    1. “Aeronautical authorities” means, in the case of the Republic of Iceland, the Ministry of Communications and, in the case of the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Civil Aviation Authority, or, in both cases, any person or body, authorized to perform any functions at present exercised by the above-mentioned authorities or similar functions;

    2. “Agreement” means this Agreement, its Annex, and any amendments thereto;

    3. “Air transportation” means the public carriage by aircraft of passengers, baggage, cargo, and mail, separately or in combination, for remuneration or hire;

    4. “Area” in relation to the Republic of Iceland has the meaning assigned to “territory” in Article 2 of the Convention and in relation to the Macao Special Administrative Region includes the Macao Peninsula and the Taipa and Coloane Islands;

    5. “Convention” means the Convention on International Civil Aviation, opened for signature at Chicago on December 7, 1944, and includes any amendment that has entered into force under Article 94(a) of the Convention and is applicable to both Contracting Parties, and any Annex or any amendment thereto adopted under Article 90 of the Convention, insofar as such Annex or amendment is at any given time effective for both Contracting Parties;

    6. “Designated airline” means an airline designated and authorized in accordance with Article 3 of this Agreement;

    7. “European Economic Area” is an enhanced free trade area established by the Agreement on the European Economic Area, signed in Oporto 2 May 1992, between the European Community and its Member States on the one hand and the EFTA States with exclusion of Switzerland on the other hand. EFTA is an abbreviation for the European Free Trade Association of which Iceland is a Member State.

    8. “Full cost” means the cost of providing service plus a reasonable charge for administrative overhead;

    9. “Price” means any fare, rate or charge for the carriage of passengers (and their baggage) and/or cargo (excluding mail) in air transportation charged by airlines, including their agents, and the conditions governing the availability of such fare, rate or charge;

    10. “Stop for non-traffic purposes”, “airline” and “air service” have the meanings specified in Article 96 of the Convention; and

    11. “User charges” means a charge imposed on airlines for the provision of airport, air navigation, or aviation security facilities or services including related services and facilities.

    Article 2

    Grant of Rights

    1. Each Contracting Party grants to the other Contracting Party the following rights for the conduct of international air services by the airlines of the other Contracting Party:

    a. the right to fly across its area without landing;

    b. the right to make stops in its area for non-traffic purposes; and

    c. the rights otherwise specified in this Agreement.

    2. The airlines of each Contracting Party, other than those designated under Article 3 of this Agreement, shall also enjoy the rights specified in paragraph 1 of this Article.

    3. Nothing in this Article shall be deemed to confer on the airline or airlines of one Contracting Party the right to take on board, in the area of the other Contracting Party, passengers, their baggage, cargo or mail carried for compensation and destined for another point in the area of that other Contracting Party.

    Article 3

    Designation and Authorization

    1. Each Contracting Party shall have the right to designate an airline or airlines for the purpose of operating the agreed services on each of the routes specified in the Annex and to withdraw or alter such designations. Such designations shall be made in writing and shall be transmitted to the other Contracting Party through the appropriate channels.

    2. On receipt of such a designation and of applications from the designated airline, in the form and manner prescribed for operating authorizations and technical permissions, the other Contracting Party shall grant the appropriate authorizations and permissions with minimum procedural delay, provided:

    a) in the case of an airline designated by Iceland:

    (i) it is established in the area of Iceland in accordance with the Agreement on the European Economic Area, and is licensed in accordance with law adopted in accordance with the Agreement on the European Economic Area or European Community law; and

    (ii) effective regulatory control of the airline is exercised and maintained by a State which is a Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area responsible for issuing its Air Operator Certificate and the relevant aeronautical authority is clearly identified in the designation;

    b) in the case of an airline designated by the Macao Special Administrative Region:

    (i) it is incorporated and has its principal place of business in the area of the Macao Special Administrative Region; and

    (ii) it holds a current Air Operator Certificate issued by the aeronautical authority of the Macao Special Administrative Region;

    c) the designated airline is qualified to meet the conditions prescribed under the laws and regulations normally applied to the operation of international air services by the Contracting Party considering the application or applications.

    Article 4

    Revocation of Authorization

    Either Contracting Party may revoke, suspend or limit the operating authorization or technical permissions of an airline designated by the other Contracting Party where:

    a) in the case of an airline designated by Iceland:

    (i) it is not established in the area of Iceland in accordance with the Agreement on the European Economic Area, or is not licensed in accordance with law adopted in accordance with the Agreement on the European Economic Area or European Community law; or

    (ii) effective regulatory control of the airline is not exercised or not maintained by a State which is a Party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area responsible for issuing its Air Operator Certificate, or the relevant aeronautical authority is not clearly identified in the designation;

    b) in the case of an airline designated by the Macao Special Administrative Region:

    (i) it is not incorporated and does not have its principal place of business in the area of the Macao Special Administrative Region; or

    (ii) it does not hold a current Air Operator Certificate issued by the aeronautical authority of the Macao Special Administrative Region;

    c) that airline has failed to comply with the laws and regulations referred to in Article 7 of this Agreement.

    Article 5

    Application of Laws

    1. While entering, within, or leaving the area of one Contracting Party, its laws and regulations relating to the operation and navigation of aircraft shall be complied with by the other Contracting Party’s airlines.

    2. While entering, within, or leaving the area of one Contracting Party, its laws and regulations relating to the admission to or departure from its area of passengers, crew or cargo on aircraft (including regulations relating to entry, clearance, aviation security, immigration, passports, customs and quarantine or, in the case of mail, postal regulations) shall be complied with by, or on behalf of, such passengers, crew or cargo of the other Contracting Party’s airlines.

    3. Neither Contracting Party shall give preference to its own or any other airline over a designated airline of the other Contracting Party engaged in similar international air transportation in the application of its immigration, customs, quarantine and similar regulations.

    Article 6

    Recognition of Certificates

    1. Each Contracting Party shall recognize as valid, for the purpose of operating the air transportation provided for in this Agreement, certificates of airworthiness, certificates of competency, and licenses issued or validated by the other Contracting Party and still in force, provided that the requirements for such certificates or licenses are at least equal to the minimum standards that may be established pursuant to the Convention.

    2. Each Contracting Party reserves the right, however, to refuse to recognize as valid for the purpose of flight above or landing within its own area, certificates of competency and licenses granted to or validated for its own nationals in the case of the Republic of Iceland or, its own residents in the case of the Macao Special Administrative Region, by the other Contracting Party.

    Article 7

    Safety

    1. Either Contracting Party may request consultations concerning the safety standards maintained in respect of an airline designated by the other Contracting Party relating to aeronautical facilities, aircrews, aircraft, and operation of the designated airlines.

    2. If, following such consultations, one Contracting Party finds that the other Contracting Party does not effectively maintain and administer safety standards in the areas referred to in paragraph 1 that meet the Standards established at that time pursuant to the Convention, the other Contracting Party shall be informed of such findings and of the steps considered necessary to conform with the ICAO standards. The other Contracting Party shall then take appropriate corrective action within an agreed time period.

    3. Each Contracting Party reserves the right to withhold, revoke, or limit the operating authorization or technical permission of an airline or airlines designated by the other Contracting Party in the event the other Contracting Party does not take such appropriate corrective action within a reasonable time.

    4. Any action by one Contracting Party in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article shall be discontinued once the basis for that action ceases to exist.

    Article 8

    Aviation Security

    1. In accordance with their rights and obligations under international law, the Contracting Parties reaffirm that their obligation to each other to protect the security of civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference forms an integral part of this Agreement. Without limiting the generality of their rights and obligations under international law, the Parties shall in particular act in conformity with the provisions of the Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft, signed at Tokyo on September 14, 1963, the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, signed at The Hague on December 16, 1970, and the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, signed at Montreal on September 23, 1971, as well as with any other convention on aviation security which shall become applicable to both Parties.

    2. The Contracting Parties shall provide upon request all necessary assistance to each other to prevent acts of unlawful seizure of civil aircraft and other unlawful acts against the safety of such aircraft, of their passengers and crew, and of airports and air navigation facilities, and any other threat to the security of civil aviation.

    3. The Contracting Parties shall, in their mutual relations, act in conformity with all aviation security standards and appropriate recommended practices established by the International Civil Aviation Organization and designated as Annexes to the Convention; they shall require that operators of aircraft of their registry, operators of aircraft who have their principal place of business or permanent residence in their area, and the operators of airports in their area act in conformity with such aviation security provisions.

    4. Each Contracting Party agrees to observe the security provisions required by the other Contracting Party for entry into the area of that other Contracting Party and to take adequate measures to protect aircraft and to inspect passengers, crew, and their baggage and carry-on items, as well as cargo and aircraft stores, prior to and during boarding or loading. Each Contracting Party shall also give positive consideration to any request from the other Contracting Party for special security measures to meet a particular threat.

    5. When an incident or threat of an incident of unlawful seizure of aircraft or other unlawful acts against the safety of passengers, crew, aircraft, airports or air navigation facilities occurs, the Contracting Parties shall assist each other by facilitating communications and other appropriate measures intended to terminate rapidly and safely such incident or threat.

    6. When a Contracting Party has reasonable grounds to believe that the other Contracting Party has departed from the aviation security provisions of this Article, the aeronautical authorities of that Contracting Party may request immediate consultations with the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party. Failure to reach a satisfactory agreement within fifteen (15) days from the date of such request shall constitute grounds to withhold, revoke, limit, or impose conditions on the operating authorization and technical permissions of an airline or airlines of that Contracting Party. When justified by an emergency, or to prevent further non-compliance with the provisions of this Article, the first Contracting Party may take interim action at any time.

    Article 9

    Commercial Opportunities

    1. The designated airlines of each Contracting Party shall have the right to establish offices in the area of the other Contracting Party for the promotion and sale of air transportation.

    2. The designated airlines of each Contracting Party shall be entitled, in accordance with the laws and regulations of the other Contracting Party relating to entry, residence, and employment, to bring in and maintain in the area of the other Contracting Party managerial, sales, technical, operational, and other specialist staff required for the provision of air transportation.

    3. Any designated airline of each Contracting Party may engage in the sale of air transportation in the area of the other Contracting Party directly and, at the airline’s discretion, through its agents, subject to the applicable legislation that relates to the protection of passenger funds, and passenger cancellation and refund rights. The sale of such transportation may be effected in both local currency and in freely convertible currencies.

    4. Each designated airline shall have the right to convert and remit to its area, on demand, local revenues in excess of sums locally disbursed. Conversion and remittance shall be permitted promptly without restrictions or taxation in respect thereof at the rate of exchange applicable to current transactions and remittance on the date the carrier makes the initial application for remittance.

    5. The designated airlines of each Contracting Party shall be permitted to pay for local expenses, including purchases of fuel, in the area of the other Contracting Party in local currency. At their discretion, the airlines of each Contracting Party may pay for such expenses in the area of the other Contracting Party in freely convertible currencies according to local currency regulation.

    6. a) In operating or holding out air services on the specified routes any designated airline of one Contracting Party may enter into blocked-space and code-sharing or leasing arrangements with:

    i) an airline or airlines of either Contracting Party; and

    ii) an airline or airlines of a third party. Should such a third party not authorize or allow comparable arrangements between the airlines of the other Contracting Party and other airlines on services to, from and via the area of such third party, the Contracting Parties have the right not to accept such arrangements.

    b) The above provisions are, however, subject to the condition that all airlines in such arrangements:

    i) hold the underlying traffic rights and meet the principles of this Agreement, and

    ii) meet the requirements applied to such arrangements by the aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties.

    c) The code-sharing airlines are required to file the proposed code-sharing and blocked-space arrangements with the aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties at least forty-five (45) days before its proposed introduction. Such a code-sharing and blocked-space arrangements are subject to approval by the aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties.

    Article 10

    Customs Duties and Charges

    1. On arriving in the area of one Contracting Party, aircraft operated in international air transportation by the designated airlines of the other Contracting Party, their regular equipment, ground equipment, fuel, lubricants, consumable technical supplies, spare parts (including engines), aircraft stores (including but not limited to such items of food, beverages and liquor, tobacco and other products destined for sale to or use by passengers in limited quantities during flight), and other items intended for or used solely in connection with the operation or servicing of aircraft engaged in international air transportation shall be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity, from all import restrictions, property taxes, customs duties, excise taxes, and similar fees and charges that are (1) imposed by the authorities of the Contracting Parties, and (2) not based on the cost of services provided, provided that such equipment and supplies remain on board the aircraft to the fullest extent possible under that Contracting Party’s law.

    2. There shall also be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity, from the taxes, levies, duties, fees and charges referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, with the exception of charges based on the cost of the service provided to the fullest extent possible under that Contracting Party’s law:

    a) aircraft stores introduced into or supplied in the area of a Contracting Party and taken on board, within reasonable limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an airline of the other Contracting Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these stores are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the area of the Contracting Party in which they are taken on board;

    b) ground equipment and spare parts (including engines) introduced into the area of a Contracting Party for the servicing, maintenance, or repair of aircraft of an airline of the other Contracting Party used in international air transportation;

    c) fuel, lubricants and consumable technical supplies introduced into or supplied in the area of a Contracting Party for use in an aircraft of an airline of the other Contracting Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these supplies are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the area of the Contracting Party in which they are taken on board; and

    d) promotional and advertising materials introduced into or supplied in the area of one Contracting Party and taken on board, within reasonable limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an airline of the other Contracting Party engaged in international air transportation, even when these stores are to be used on a part of the journey performed over the area of the Contracting Party in which they are taken on board.

    3. Equipment and supplies referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article may be required to be kept under the supervision or control of the appropriate authorities.

    4. The exemptions provided for by this Article shall also be available where the designated airlines of one Contracting Party have contracted with another airline, which similarly enjoys such exemptions from the other Contracting Party, for the loan or transfer in the area of the other Contracting Party of the items specified in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article.

    Article 11

    User Charges

    1. User charges that may be imposed by the competent charging authorities or bodies of each Contracting Party on the airlines of the other Contracting Party shall be just, reasonable, not unjustly discriminatory, and equitably apportioned among categories of users. In any event, any such user charges shall be assessed on the airlines of the other Contracting Party on terms not less favourable than the most favourable terms available to any other airline at the time the charges are assessed.

    2. User charges imposed on the airlines of the other Contracting Party may reflect, but shall not exceed, the full cost to the competent charging authorities or bodies of providing the appropriate airport, airport environmental, air navigation, and aviation security facilities and services at the airport or within the airport system. Such full cost may include a reasonable return on assets, after depreciation. Facilities and services for which charges are made shall be provided on an efficient and economic basis.

    3. Each Contracting Party shall encourage consultations between the competent charging authorities or bodies in its area and the airlines using the services and facilities, and shall encourage the competent charging authorities or bodies and the airlines to exchange such information as may be necessary to permit an accurate review of the reasonableness of the charges in accordance with the principles of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article. Each Contracting Party shall encourage the competent charging authorities to provide users with reasonable notice of any proposal for changes in user charges to enable users to express their views before changes are made.

    4. Neither Contracting Party shall be held, in dispute resolution procedures pursuant to Article 17 (Consultations and Settlement of Disputes), to be in breach of a provision of this Article, unless (i) it fails to undertake a review of the charge or practice that is the subject of complaint by the other Contracting Party within a reasonable amount of time; or (ii) following such a review it fails to take all steps within its power to remedy any charge or practice that is inconsistent with this Article.

    Article 12

    Avoidance of Double Taxation

    1. Income and profits derived from the operation of aircraft in international traffic by an airline of one Contracting Party, including participation in a pool service, a joint air transport operation or an international operating agency, which are subject to tax in the area of that Contracting Party shall be exempt from income tax, profits tax and all other taxes on income and profits imposed in the area of the other Contracting Party.

    2. Capital and assets of an airline of one Contracting Party relating to the operation of aircraft in international traffic shall be exempt from taxes on capital and assets imposed in the area of the other Contracting Party.

    3. Gains from the alienation of aircraft operated in international traffic and movable property pertaining to the operation of such aircraft which are received by an airline of one Contracting Party, the income and profits of which according to paragraph 1 are taxable only in the area of that Contracting Party, shall be exempt from any tax on gains imposed in the area of the other Contracting Party.

    4. For the purposes of this Article:

    a) the term «income and profits» includes revenues and gross receipts from the operation of aircraft for the carriage of persons, livestock, goods, mail or merchandise in international traffic including:

    (i) the charter or rental of aircraft if such charter or rental is incidental to the operation of aircraft in international traffic;

    (ii) the sale of tickets or similar documents, and the provision of services connected with such carriage, for the airline itself or for other airlines, but in the latter case only if such sales or provisions of service are incidental to the operation of aircraft in international traffic; and

    (iii) interest on funds directly connected with the operation of aircraft in international traffic.

    b) the term «international traffic» means any carriage by an aircraft except when such carriage is solely between places in the area of the other Contracting Party;

    c) the term «competent authority» means, in the case of Iceland, the Minister of Finance or his authorized representative and in the case of the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Finance Bureau (Direcção dos Serviços de Finanças) or its authorized representative, or any person or body authorized to perform any functions at present exercisable by the Finance Bureau or similar functions.

    5. The competent authorities of the Contracting Parties shall, through consultation, endeavour to resolve by mutual agreement any disputes regarding the interpretation or application of this Article. Article 17 (Consultations and Settlement of Disputes) shall not apply to any such dispute.

    6. Notwithstanding Article 21 (Entry into Force), each Contracting Party shall in writing notify the other of the completion of the relevant procedures required by its law to bring this Article into force. The Article shall enter into force on the date of the receipt of the latter of these notifications and shall thereupon have effect in respect of income, profits and gains arising on or after the first day of January of the next calendar year and on capital and assets held on or after that date.

    7. Notwithstanding Article 19 (Termination), when notice of termination of this Agreement is given under that Article, this Article shall cease to have effect, in relation to income, profits and gains received as well as capital and assets held on or after the first day of January in the calendar year next following the expiry of six (6) months after the date when such notice is given.

    8. This Article shall cease to have effect in the event that an agreement for the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on income, providing for similar exceptions to those in this Article, enters into force between the Contracting Parties.

    Article 13

    Fair Competition

    1. Each Contracting Party shall allow a fair and equal opportunity for the designated airlines of both Contracting Parties to compete in providing the international air transportation governed by this Agreement.

    2. Each Contracting Party shall allow each designated airline to determine the frequency and capacity of the international air transportation it offers based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace. Consistent with this right, neither Contracting Party shall unilaterally limit the volume of traffic, frequency or regularity of service, or the aircraft type or types operated by the designated airlines of the other Contracting Party, except as may be required for customs, technical, operational, or environmental reasons under uniform conditions consistent with Article 15 of the Convention.

    3. Neither Contracting Party shall impose on the other Contracting Party’s designated airlines any requirement with respect to capacity, frequency or traffic that would be inconsistent with the purposes of this Agreement.

    4. Both Contracting Parties shall minimize the administrative burdens of filing requirements and procedures on air transportation intermediaries and on designated airlines of the other Contracting Party.

    Article 14

    Pricing

    1. Each Contracting Party shall allow prices for air transportation to be decided by each designated airline based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace. Intervention by the Contracting Parties shall be limited to:

    a) prevention of unreasonably discriminatory prices or practices;

    b) protection of consumers from prices that are unreasonably high or restrictive due to the abuse of a dominant position; and

    c) protection of airlines from prices that are artificially low due to direct or indirect governmental subsidy or support.

    2. Each Contracting Party may require notification to or filing with its aeronautical authorities of prices to be charged to or from its area by the airlines of the other Contracting Party. Notification or filing by the airlines of both Contracting Parties may be required not less than thirty (30) days before the proposed date of effectiveness. In individual cases, notification or filing may be permitted on shorter notice than normally required.

    3. Notwithstanding the paragraphs of this Article, the prices to be charged by the designated airline(s) of the Macao Special Administrative Region for carriage wholly within the European Community shall be subject to European Community law. However, each designated airline has the right to match any price offered in the marketplace.

    Article 15

    Intermodal Services

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, airlines and indirect providers of cargo transportation of both Contracting Parties shall be permitted, without restriction, to employ in connection with international air transportation any surface transportation for cargo to or from any points in the areas of the Contracting Parties or in third parties, including transport to and from all airports with customs facilities, and including, where applicable, the right to transport cargo in bond under applicable laws and regulations. Such cargo, whether moving by surface or by air, shall have access to airport customs processing and facilities. Airlines may elect to perform their own surface transportation or to provide it through arrangements with other surface carriers, including surface transportation operated by other airlines and indirect providers of cargo air transportation. Such intermodal cargo services may be offered at a single, through price for the air and surface transportation combined, provided that shippers are not misled as to the facts concerning such transportation.

    Article 16

    Investigation of Accidents

    1. In the case of a forced landing or accident of an aircraft of either Contracting Party within the area of the other Contracting Party, the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Party in whose area the forced landing or accident takes place shall immediately notify the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party thereof, take immediate steps to assist the crew and the passengers, provide for the safety of the aircraft and mail, baggage and cargo on board and take necessary measures for an inquiry into the particulars and circumstances of the forced landing or accident.

    2. The aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Party conducting the inquiry into the particulars and circumstances of the forced landing or accident shall inform the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party of the holding of the inquiry and the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party shall be granted full facilities to be represented at the inquiry. The aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Party conducting the inquiry shall send to the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party the report of the inquiry as soon as it is available.

    Article 17

    Consultations and Settlement of Disputes

    1. In a spirit of close co-operation, either Contracting Party may, at any time, request consultations relating to this Agreement, its implementation and satisfactory compliance with the provisions of this Agreement.

    2. If any dispute arises between the Contracting Parties relating to the interpretation or application of this Agreement, the Contracting Parties shall endeavour to settle it by consultation. Such consultations shall commence as soon as practicable but in any event not later than sixty (60) days from the date of receipt of the request of consultations, unless otherwise agreed by the Contracting Parties.

    3. If the Contracting Parties fail to reach a settlement by negotiation, they may agree to refer the dispute for decision to some person or body, or the dispute may, at the request of either Contracting Party be submitted for decision to a tribunal of three arbitrators, one to be nominated by each Contracting Party and the third to be appointed by the two so nominated. Each of the Contracting Parties shall nominate an arbitrator within a period of sixty (60) days from the date of receipt by either Contracting Party from the other of a notice, through the appropriate channels, requesting arbitration of the dispute and the third arbitrator shall be appointed within a further period of sixty (60) days. If either of the Contracting Parties fails to nominate an arbitrator within the period specified, or if the third arbitrator is not appointed within the period specified, the President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization may be requested by either Contracting Party to appoint an arbitrator or arbitrators as the case requires. In all cases, the third arbitrator shall not be a resident of the Macao Special Administrative Region or a national of the Republic of Iceland and shall act as President of the arbitral tribunal.

    4. The Contracting Parties undertake to comply with any decision rendered under paragraph 3 of this Article.

    Article 18

    Modification

    1. If either of the Contracting Parties considers it desirable to modify any provision of this Agreement, including the Annex thereto, it may request consultations between the aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties in relation to the proposed modification. Such consultations shall commence within a period of sixty (60) days of the date of receipt of the request. Any modifications so agreed shall enter into force when they have been confirmed by an exchange of letters by both Contracting Parties, through the appropriate channels.

    2. Any modification or modifications to the Annex may be made by direct agreement between the aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties and shall enter into force when it has been confirmed by an exchange of letters, through the appropriate channels.

    Article 19

    Termination

    Either Contracting Party may, at any time, give notice in writing to the other Contracting Party of its decision to terminate this Agreement. Such notice shall be sent simultaneously to the International Civil Aviation Organization. This Agreement shall terminate at midnight (at the place of receipt of the notice to the other Contracting Party) immediately before the first anniversary of the date of receipt of the notice by the other Contracting Party, unless the notice is withdrawn by agreement of the Contracting Parties before the end of this period.

    Article 20

    Registration with ICAO

    This Agreement and all amendments thereto shall be registered upon its signature with the International Civil Aviation Organization.

    Article 21

    Entry into force

    This Agreement shall enter into force upon an exchange of letters confirming that the legal procedures necessary to implement the Agreement have been completed.

    IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.

    DONE at Reykjavík this 13th day of July 2004 in duplicate, in the Chinese, Portuguese, Icelandic and English languages, each text being equally authentic. In case of divergence of interpretation, the English text shall prevail.

    For the Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China For the Government of the Republic of Iceland
    Ao Man Long
    Secretary for Transport and Public Works
    Halldór Ásgrímsson
    Minister for Foreign Affairs & External Trade

    ———

    ANNEX

    International Air Services

    Route Schedule

    Airlines of each Contracting Party designated under this Annex shall, in accordance with the terms of their designation, be entitled to perform international air services between points on the following routes:

    A. Routes for the airline or airlines designated by the Government of the Republic of Iceland:

    From points behind Iceland via Iceland and intermediate points to a point or points in Macao and beyond.

    Note:

    No points in inland of China, Taiwan and Hong Kong may be served either as intermediate points or beyond points.

    B. Routes for the airline or airlines designated by the Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region:

    From points behind Macao via Macao and intermediate points to a point or points in Iceland and beyond.



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